what are 5 genetic diseases?

Vision is one of the basic body functions that enables a dog to have a normal quality of life, so the need to research the genetic basis of eye diseases has greatly increased. Huntington's disease is an autosomal dominant disorder, meaning that if one parent has the condition, you have a 50% chance of having the disease  as well — and if you inherited the gene, you will develop the disease and can pass it on to your own children. Patients sufferingfrom this syndrome have a flat face and broad nose and their appearance is verydistinctive. Photo courtesy of Duncan Hull by Flickr . A genetic disorder is a disease caused in whole or in part by a change in the DNA sequence away from the normal sequence. Genetic testing is available for some genetic diseases. NIH – What information about a genetic condition can statistics provide? [6]. Autism factors and 22q11.2 chromosome deletion syndrome, New Genetic Marker Can Detect Breast Cancer In Early Stages. Although there is no cure for this disease, medications mayslow down the progression of the symptoms. Down syndrome affects about 1 out of 800 to 1000 newborn babies. This geneticdisorder affects the speech, thought and movements. Does 48,XXYY Syndrome imply mental retardation? What are the causes for cognitive disability? Possible causes of slow heartbeat and weakness in leg followed with pain, Diagnosis and management of patients with inherited arrhythmia syndromes. Changesin the chromosomes, such as chromosomal aberrations or absence or presence ofentire chromosome may also cause genetic disorders. Based on the location and the inheritance pattern of the gene, these diseases are further classified into the following types. Those symptoms include fatigue, possible intellectual disability, and muscle weakness, beginning in the legs and then spreading to the upper body. 7. There are four different types of genetic disorders. [7] People who are especially likely to be carriers of the faulty gene that is responsible for Thalassemia include those of Southeast Asian, Indian, Chinese, Middle Eastern, Mediterranean, and Northern African descent. When a gene is mutated so that its protein product can no longer carry out its normal function, a disorder can result. Down syndrome is a common chromosomal abnormality caused by an extra copy of genes found on chromosome 21. Boys are more likely to inherit this disorder. Diagnosis and management of patients with inherited arrhythmia syndromes, Parents may screen embryos for genetic disorders. 9. Delayed Menstruation: What Could Cause It? Gene therapy is a treatment procedure where an undamaged gene (therapeutic gene) is introduced into the body to replace a defective or missing gene. Heart, kidneys,liver, spleen and lungs get less oxygen than they need so patients experienceanemia, jaundice and growth problems. Dietary restrictions early in the lifemay prevent these complications, but the patients must avoid milk and dairyproducts for the rest of their lives. What are the most common causes of borderline personality disorder? Galactosemiais caused by the lack of enzyme known as GATL. 4. It can be detected during pre-natal testing. Based on the genetic test results, in some diseases we can more effectively facilitate the symptoms of the disease or avoid more severe forms of such a disease. i have a paper to in science about genetic diseases i need 5 and i need the symptoms and causes. Genetic diseases can also result from changes in DNA in somatic cells, or cells in the body that are not germ cells. People with Duchenne muscular dystrophy can also suffer from associated heart problems, respiratory problems and deformities of the chest and back. [5]. Some genetic diseases are called Mendelian disorders—they are caused by mutations that occur in the DNA sequence of a single gene. Therefore, when choosing a genetic test, we must be especially careful to use a genetic test for the mutation that occurs in the selected breed. We also know that a woman is born with all the eggs she will ever have in her ovaries — and the longer she waits to have children, the greater the risk of a genetic disorder in her child. Genetic diseases can be inherited because they are mutations in the germ cells of the body—the cells involved in passing genetic information from parents to offspring. There are four main types of genetic inheritance, single, multifactorial, chromosome abnormalities, and mitochondrial inheritance. 11. NIH – How are genetic conditions treated or managed? The most common such inherited clotting disease is the Factor V Leiden abnormality and it can particularly present a problem in pregnancy, leading to pre-eclampsia, small-for-gestational-age babies, stillbirths and problems with the placenta. About 1/1500 males and 1/2500 females have fragile X syndrome. Red bloodcells become rigid in this type of anemia. Learn more about 5 common genetic disorders. [9] Educated nurse practitioners can extend the typical patient’s survival time by offering effective care strategies that feature physical therapy, as well as dietary and medical supplementation. In most cases,these abnormalities are caused by defective genes inherited from the parents. Genetic diseases and disorders are caused by a change in the DNA sequence. The defect causes a part of DNA, called a CAG repeat, to occur … Alzheimer’saffect the functioning of the brain, memory, thought and language. Single Gene Disorders . In sickle cell anemia, the mutation that causes the red blood cells to change shape also helps minimize infection with the malarial parasite. Important notification about information and brand names, www.who.int/genomics/public/geneticdiseases/en/index2.html, www.nih.gov/news-events/nih-research-matters/common-genetic-factors-found-5-mental-disorders, commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Genetic_map.jpg, Down syndrome and gastrointestinal problems, The Most Common Genetic and Chromosomal Disorders, Neurofibromatosis Genetic Disorder: Nerve Tissue, Skin and Bones Abnormalities, The Daily Schedule Of A Medical Geneticist, Is Obesity Genetic? National Human Genome Research Institute For instance, 95 percent of male Cystic Fibrosis patients are sterile, and the median age of survival for all patients is 33.4 years. How Genes Influence Weight, 5 Most Common Types Of Eating Disorders And 15 You've Never Heard Of, Neurofibromatosis Genetic Disorder: Nerve Tissue, Skin and Bones Abnormalities, Thalassemia: What Every Parent Needs To Know About A Devastating Blood Disorder, Sickle Cell Anemia: Symptoms, Diagnosis And Treatment, Bietti Crystalline Dystrophy: A Devastating And Blinding Eye Disorder, Fluttering Sensation Caused By Muscle Twitching - Causes And Management, Viagra may help heart in muscular dystrophy in children, Parents may screen embryos for genetic disorders, New Drug May Reduce Symptoms Of Muscular Dystrophy, Protein Follistatin Can Be Used In Musculoskeletal Diseases Treatment, The most common causes of cardiomyopathy (weak heart muscle). Genetic test results are, beside others, an important factor influencing the mating partner selection, as with proper breeding many genetic diseases can be avoided.

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