German While grammatically correct, using "den/det" to refer to human beings may sound as if the speaker regards the referenced human beings as objects. Prevention Most of the time the language drops the pronoun completely or refers to people using their name with a suffix such as the gender-neutral -san added to it. ; and others) do not make male–female gender distinctions, that is, they are gender-neutral. April 2016 July 2015 This can sometimes be used to avoid gender-specification issues; however, it cannot normally substitute for a personal pronoun directly, and a sentence containing "he" or "she" would need to be rephrased, probably with a change of meaning, to enable "one" to be used instead. , Many of the world's languages do not have gender-specific pronouns. Arthur Hughes, Peter Trudgill, Dominic Watt, MediaMOO's "person" gender, derived from Marge Piercy's. More recently, in the city of Baltimore, and possibly other cities in the United States, yo has come to be used as a gender-neutral pronoun.. ; the third-person plural personal pronoun they; the indefinite pronouns one, someone, anyone, etc. August 2016 Relationship Community , "Co" was coined by feminist writer Mary Orovan in 1970. August 2011. Elderly Pronouns are sometimes reversed (gender transposition) in gay slang. January 2018 Michael Newman (1996) Epicene pronouns: The linguistics of a prescriptive problem; Newman (1997) "What can pronouns tell us? December 2013 August 2015 , The Cantonese third-person-singular pronoun is keui5 (佢), and may refer to people of any gender. The other forms are gender neutral: singular 1st jag, 2nd du, 3rd indefinite/impersonal man, plural 1st vi, 2nd ni, 3rd de. are gender-neutral and also used to refer singular, personal antecedents (e.g. Issues concerning gender and pronoun usage commonly arise in situations where it is necessary to choose between gender-specific pronouns, even though the sex of the person or persons being referred to is not known, not specified, or (for plurals) mixed. It was also included in Webster's Second New International Dictionary, though it is absent from the first and third, and it still has its supporters today. In Swedish, the word hen was introduced generally in the 2000s as a complement to the gender-specific hon ("she") and han ("he"). In other languages – including most Indo-European and Afro-Asiatic languages – third-person personal pronouns (at least those used to refer to people) intrinsically distinguish male from female. March 2019 I try to stay away from him/her pronouns until I hear the person refer to themselves in a way that reveals the one they would prefer. Its origin may have been a combination of han and hon. ", "... the ideal that every boy and girl should be so equipped that he shall not be handicapped in his struggle for social progress …", "... She and Louis had a game—who could find the ugliest photograph of himself", "The average American needs the small routines of getting ready for work. May 2018 Family A case study of English epicenes", Studies in language 22:2, 353–389. Culture On 7-Zip's SourceForge Page As a result, the old character tā (他), which previously also meant "she" in written texts, is sometimes restricted to meaning "he" only. August 2014 Chinese Simpl. March 2016 It was not until the Meiji period that kare and kanojo were commonly used as the masculine and feminine pronoun in the same way as their Western equivalents. September 2014 Miscellaneous " An early example of prescribing the use of he to refer to a person of unknown gender is Anne Fisher's 1745 grammar book A New Grammar. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. This leads to sentences such as: As early as 1795, dissatisfaction with this convention led to calls for gender-neutral pronouns, and attempts to invent pronouns for this purpose date back to at least 1850, although the use of singular they as a natural gender-neutral pronoun in English has persisted since the 14th century. November 2015 FILE SETS: Mozilla Firefox 34.0.5 for Windows and Google Earth 184.108.40.20613 for Windows. January 2020 FGA: "xe", "xem", and "xyr" are sex-neutral pronouns and adjectives, Gender-specific and gender-neutral pronouns, International Center for Research on Women (ICRW), Equality and Human Rights Commission (UK), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gender_neutrality_in_languages_with_gendered_third-person_pronouns&oldid=982108686, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2015, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from May 2019, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from December 2019, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2016, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, In a supermarket, a customer can buy anything, When a customer argues, always agree with, The Massachusetts Medical Society effectively blocked membership of female physicians on the grounds that the society's by-laws used the pronoun, This page was last edited on 6 October 2020, at 06:31. Japanese Today, it is unexceptional and often not regarded as incorrect, especially in informal language.  Since she brings a female image to mind, it isn't either. Is there a gender-neutral substitute for "his or her"? In spoken standard Mandarin, there is no gender distinction in personal pronouns: the pronoun tā (他) can mean "he" or "she" (or "it" for some animals).  In addition to use when the gender of the antecedent is unknown or indeterminate, some use it as gender-blind language and always replace gender-specific pronouns..  "Co" is in common usage in intentional communities of the Federation of Egalitarian Communities, and "co" appears in the bylaws of several of these communities. Baron goes on to describe how relics of these gender-neutral terms survive in some British dialects of Modern English (for example hoo for "she", in Yorkshire), and sometimes a pronoun of one gender might be applied to a human or non-human animal of the opposite gender. Self Improvement, March 2020 The feminine counterpart kanojo, on the other hand, is a combination of kano (adjective version of ka-) and jo ("woman"), coined for the translation of its Western equivalents. It was proposed again in 1994, with reference to the Finnish hän, similarly pronounced, a personal pronoun that is gender-neutral, since Finnish completely lacks grammatical gender. The most of the code is under the GNU LGPL license. In 2009 it was included in Nationalencyklopedin.  Kate Bornstein, an American transgender author, used the pronoun forms ze and hir in the book "Nearly Roadkill: an Infobahn erotic adventure" in 1996. 7-Zip works in Windows 10 / 8 / 7 / Vista / XP / 2019 / 2016 / 2012 / 2008 / 2003 / 2000. p7zip - the port of the command line version of 7-Zip to Linux/Posix. you can find a forum, bug reports, and feature request systems. August 2018 Since at least the 14th century, they (including derivatives and inflected forms, such as them, their, theirs, themselves, and themself) has been used, with varying degrees of general acceptance, to refer to a singular antecedent. Read 7-Zip License information. Edwards v. A.G. of Canada  A.C. 124, "On Language; You Not Tarzan, Me Not Jane", "[Letter commenting on] Hypersexism And the Feds", Chesterfield, Philip Dormer Stanhope, Earl of, "Sweden's gender-neutral 3rd-person singular pronoun", "Visitor Guide – Twin Oaks Community: What does all this stuff mean? Examples given include: "It" may even be used when the child's sex is known. Chinese Trad. These three are considered impersonal. March 2018 , They may be used even when the gender of the subject is obvious; they implies a generic (or representative of type class) rather than individuated interpretation:. October 2018 The other English pronouns (the first- and second-person personal pronouns I, we, you, etc.  While boku and ore are traditionally known to be masculine pronouns and atashi is characterized as feminine, boku is considered to be less masculine than ore and often denotes a softer form of masculinity. November 2018 The word was proposed by Rolf Dunås in 1966, and could be used occasionally, like in a guideline from the Swedish building council from 1980, authored by Rolf Reimers. It has also been seen as prejudicial by some, as in the following cases: Its use in some contexts may give a jarring or ridiculous impression: "... everyone will be able to decide for himself whether or not to have an abortion. December 2015 There is no universal agreement on a gender-neutral third-person pronoun which could be used for a person whose gender is unknown or who is a non-binary gender identity; various alternatives are described in the following sections. Hen has two basic usages: as a way to avoid a stated preference to either gender; or as a way of referring to individuals who are transgender, who prefer to identify themselves as belonging to a third gender or who reject the division of male/female gender roles on ideological grounds. And zir for the objective case him and her. Religion She is sometimes used for named ships and countries, but this may be considered old-fashioned and is in decline. February 2018 The only distinction made is between personal and non-personal reference (someone vs. something, who vs. what, etc.).  LGBTQ+ advocacy groups also advise using the pronouns and names preferred or considered appropriate by the person concerned. Traditionally, Swedish offers other ways of avoiding using gender-specific pronouns; e.g., "vederbörande" ("the referred person") and "man" ("one", as in "Man borde..."/"One should...") with its objective form "en" or alternatively "en" as both subjective and objective since "man"/"one" sounds the same as "man"/"male adult" although they are discernible through syntax. July 2017  Pronouns in these languages tend to be naturally gender-neutral. Zié Diabaté, an Ivorian football defender; This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Zie. November 2019 One can also use man or en or den (en means 'one'). 3 thoughts on “Z is for Zie/Zir” randommusings29 says: May 4, 2016 at 4:41 pm This is a great post.
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