They are clad in Portland stone, which is cleaned by rain.  It is the only Thames bridge to have been damaged by German bombers during the Second World War. By the 1920s the problems had increased, and settlement at pier five necessitated the closure of the whole bridge while some heavy superstructure was removed and temporary reinforcements were put in place. Waterloo Bridge became toll free in 1877, when the bridge was acquired by the Metropolitan Board of Works at a cost of £474,200. Despite conservationists calling for its repair, London County Council commissioned Sir Giles Gilbert Scott, celebrated today for Battersea Power Station and the red telephone box, to design a new bridge. By 1924, the old bridge, designed for horse-drawn carriages, but now carrying heavy motor vehicles, was getting rather worse for wear. The Waterloo Bridge crossing the river today was designed by Giles Gilbert Scott, the same guy responsible for Battersea Power Station, Bankside Power Station (now Tate Modern) and those classic red telephone boxes. Let us know here. Waterloo Bridge is a road and foot traffic bridge crossing the River Thames in London, between Blackfriars Bridge and Hungerford Bridge. Nifty. The best things to do in London. Most people know Waterloo Bridge is nicknamed the Ladies' Bridge because it was built by a largely female workforce during the war. On one side were the engineers and pragmatists at the London County Council (LCC) who wanted to build a new bridge… The new bridge was partially opened on Tuesday 11 March 1942 and "officially opened" in September 1942. Its name commemorates the victory of the British, Dutch and Prussians at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815. The construction of the bridge drew large crowds and Tsar Alexander I of Russia even visited the site on his 1814 trip to London. Bits of Rennie's original Waterloo Bridge still exist.  See magnetohydrodynamics. Conveniently, Portland stone is able to ‘clean itself’ whenever it rains which is why the bridge looks as though it is in such impressively good condition. In 1841, the American daredevil Samuel Gilbert Scott was killed while performing an act in which he hung by a rope from a scaffold on the bridge. The women's work is now officially acknowledged: there are plans to erect a plaque to this effect. The monument, built in 1945, is on Queens Wharf, opposite the Museum of Wellington City & Sea. Waterloo Bridge is located between the Blackfriars Bridge and Hungerford Bridge. During the Second World War, women were employed to complete the construction by the building contractor Peter Lind & Company, hence Waterloo Bridge is known colloquially as the ‘Ladies Bridge’. Leo Villareal's Illuminated River artwork. Iconic bridge with excellent views of Parliament, the London Eye and the South Bank. Before the Strand Bridge was finished, an Act of Parliament decreed the name should be changed to Waterloo Bridge as "a lasting Record of the brilliant and decisive Victory achieved by His Majesty's Forces in conjunction with those of His Allies, on the Eighteenth Day of June One thousand eight hundred and fifteen.". Michael Faraday tried in 1832 to measure the potential difference between each side of the bridge caused by the ebbing salt water flowing through the Earth's magnetic field. In the spirit of the Impressionists and the English Romantics who captured the Thames and its bridges in their paintings, Leo Villareal’s artwork for Waterloo Bridge incorporates colours that shift and blend, adjusting to the constantly changing riverscape and its surroundings. Sign up to receive updates about Illuminated River. 1168375, © Illuminated River, Leo Villareal Studio, 2018. The guys responsible for the first Waterloo Bridge aimed to recoup their outgoings by charging a toll to use the bridge. The original bridge, designed by John Rennie the Elder, was opened in 1817 by the Prince Regent accompanied by the Duke of Wellington to commemorate the second anniversary of the Battle of Waterloo. They were shipped after the war to his new house in Umtali, Rhodesia (now Mutare, Zimbabwe). That's nothing. The helmet, a pre-Roman Celtic bronze ceremonial treasure dating from around 150-50 BC, is the only Iron Age horned helmet to be found in the whole of Europe; today, you can see the Waterloo Bridge Helmet in the British Museum. The beams were shaped "to look as much like arches as ... beams can". The bridge nonetheless fell into disrepair by the mid-1880s, the foundations damaged by the increased tidal scour caused by the removal of the old London Bridge. On one side were the engineers and pragmatists at the London County Council (LCC) who wanted to build a new bridge, ready for modern traffic; on the other were conservatives (including a gang at the Royal Academy) dedicated to preserving Rennie's beautiful bridge for historic and cultural reasons. The bridge has featured throughout other pop culture moments: Michael Caine's Alfie walks over the crossing in both the opening and closing scenes of that film. Portland stone cleans itself whenever it rains. But you knew that already... Plan your day ahead or read the day's London headlines with our daily emails. The nearest London Underground station is Waterloo, the nearest National Rail station is London Waterloo. Of all the Thames bridges, Waterloo was the only one to be damaged by German bombs during the second world war. In the 1930s London County Council decided to demolish the bridge and replace it with a new structure designed by Sir Giles Gilbert Scott. The building contractor was Peter Lind & Company. Nicknamed the ‘Waterloo Bridge Helmet’ it can be seen today in the British Museum. The new Waterloo Bridge is simple in outline and without ornamentation. The plan for a new bridge across the Thames, between Westminster and Blackfriars, was proposed by a group calling itself the Strand Bridge Company. Waterloo Bridge comprises five shallow spans each of about 250 feet, with a beamed deck supported by two lines of arches. Coordinates: 51°30′31″N 0°07′01″W / 51.50861°N 0.11694°W / 51.50861; -0.11694, Hungerford Bridge and Golden Jubilee Bridges, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Definition of Waterloo noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary", "Teaching about the Earth's Magnetism in Earth Sciences-Part 3", "Cold War Assassination: The Umbrella Murder of Georgi Markov", "Remembering Paddy the Wanderer: Tales of a Unique Dog", "Details from listed building database (1081053)", "Surprisingly beautiful places that appear in Trainspotting", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Waterloo_Bridge&oldid=981071041, Buildings and structures in the City of Westminster, Buildings and structures in the London Borough of Lambeth, Rebuilt buildings and structures in the United Kingdom, Grade II* listed buildings in the City of Westminster, Transport in the London Borough of Lambeth, Former toll bridges in the United Kingdom, Infobox mapframe without OSM relation ID on Wikidata, Pages using infobox bridge with empty coordinates parameter, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2017, Articles needing additional references from April 2017, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2018, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The bridge features in scenes at the beginning and end of the film, The bridge features in the closing scene of the 1996 film, The bridge is the original mural location of the, According to the composer himself, during the final episode of South Korean reality TV show, This page was last edited on 30 September 2020, at 03:12.