���Q#�l�=Autw]7�r���-�u��t��z�&ܸڑ�q����I����#Rlƃ|��ٛ�l�ٯp���2���}_,6D~Zx)�ƿ�_�aV$*���OF�Q�-$�&��B� Latin has five declensions; this article looks at the first two. �����/��K\P�)�(蹦���v�)�f�؍G�G�! Note: The accusative can also end in -ūn or -ōn, like Dīdō with accusative Dīdūn. Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary. By Peter Bullions, revised by Charles D. Morris, New York, 1867, https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=Appendix:Latin_fourth_declension&oldid=61144157, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. fructum abl. %PDF-1.3 Sing. U��Ik7�$XL��eVfV����/yU����5y7���C/�n����o��\���y)��|�ϔE�����?�u1dן����o�����7��UQ�U~y�����?.��{�*��j߾V]�E��]ޏMэjA|_ z/����G~��t����������S��|r{�p���������E�c~�_��3 E�5���ˠl��:{�TUJ��G�������,����8S�TR��|t�c�?^`���xx����� b}_����V� Plur. The genitive is in -ūs. fructu Plural nom. This fact illustrates the necessity to memorize the genitive form of every noun so its declension may be immediately known. D��i,Oc|z��o2!�ٲ�8u9Q�%��ԕSeS�4�;o��@��3��ܓ3��ԏ�42�C��`%������Q��J���Қ������{N�U���4��v��UȚ�2(K�ά���X�c�$Әv�=��g��w2%&s^;9�0I�� ���Oȴv�� ���p��{��gF!�V�]i��N��Էr'$�Μ��.R�ap�g�}�SmQ���9�V� �8�v�T� |˕�6 �-�B e��YF��DTƺ��j�l�ک�}�beo}#��݄�{�`&��^2ze�'��ZEO�n�XU�i��$L���i�z/}�g����� o��Y�#L���#R�Q��� �@a%���i��q����$�$N�q���BeL�'�mn�Y�SH��jK oV�=r���ʍ��l߿�Q���F{�o*��GoP�,��Z�a�9��4�s��ѝ0!��g%��݄D���N �oF ̻�1$�?��T���5-J����n4$���,�#��OV����P�g�Yӗ.v�$� jl���mA�����X,�u���z�����0�fO���_?�^^ << /Length 5 0 R /Filter /FlateDecode >> fructus gen. fructus dat. The dative-ablative plural -ibus may less commonly appear as -ubus. The dative-ablative plural -ibus may less commonly appear as -ubus. cursus cursūs cursuī (ū) cursum cursū cursūs cursuum cursibus cursūs cursibus cornū fructui acc. Masculine Neuter Sing. �����x�^�M~�Q_��S�藯��G�Wȿ���譌�H|��'~����$J~����XO"ߕ�\�YD�M[L��s^)����HjA*�>���T4Ӱm���z�P���m�}]U�0�B9 d5�ʑ����� Pb>�|��?�g��^vP祐;ː$��j��F.�޼���8���R�'}#�}���F���p���G�%��eB���/rM]���H�ζ�r̖�˥�s�i݃&��̡�ҏ�\����_�z���5�V~�A���/�t��J�OW?\���xf> �����ݪ�^���o�j����Y14��� 6h,�UG���/Ĕr�ql��)V However, the locative is limited to few nouns: generally names of cities, small islands and a few other words. First-declension nouns. -$��P�r 3��j!�#�:-\�Ό�o��G[�k .�^l��(������8hl�4:��R�@��-P1�*�S�D��*YSvh�Uɼ�.�e[S�OEb��q��y$�Zņ8-�XڠϮz��gEE�삵��pb�����Yv. stream These are 1. usually masculine and end ‘-us’ in the nominative singular 2. sometimes feminine and end ‘-us’ in the nominative singular 3. occasionally neuter and end ‘-u’ in the nominative singular 4. always ended with ‘-us’ in the genitive singular 5. characterised by ‘u’ in their endings Both masculine and feminine nouns take these endings. Nom. A complete Latin noun declension consists of up to seven grammatical cases: nominative, vocative, accusative, genitive, dative, ablative and locative. This page was last edited on 17 November 2020, at 08:00. a���p�! For example: Singular nom. As with previous declensions, fourth declension nouns are formed by adding endings to the stem of the word. This is usually weakened to ibefore -bus. The first noun group that uses the same suffixes to form case is, not surprisingly, called first declension. For the Use of Schools and Colleges. cantus song ; CAN, canō sing Look at our example of redditus, –us(m.) rent Examples of fourth declension nouns: Abl. Plur. The genitive is in -ūs. Fourth declension nouns have a characteristic –us ending in the nominative singular which is similar to the ending of second declension masculine nouns. Most nouns of the 4th Declension are formed from verb-stems, or roots, by means of the suffix -tus (-sus) (§ 238.b). The Fourth Declension Fourth declension nouns carry a characteristic -u-throughout their declension (except in the dative and ablative plural) and are identified by the -ūs in the genitive singular. Acc. The Stem of nouns of the 4th Declension end in u-. !�{&|PA�ԗT�}�z*b2骡����бg����&tlj%ߪS�H=:�[�,�.��������RSSL������tk������4R��gҮP3� 7 ��*�/�9�fx�F�,^�u�k�=�MSC���m�n �^�iM8�Z#�[0��k5���J�e/m�@%�?�$'Sb 䘭'��7�@va5]h*���p��-��[���ʢ&-���/AAU�5�����1e�R�4��N�A�S-H�r���*�Z�n��M�y��_8�t�-�rio��JZ�����-F�3wkZM}�5�f��/�*�y7�d���k80���9�6����Z�dmq���;d��բ�a�ګ>-.U{�h�Q#oPM��,e\���@pk�-�gwSbg�\��ش0�Sj`ӗK)z=�O�*��y���x���_d��j��u��#Ŧ�$޶e�t����a����a`�ʆe��0db Gen. Dat. *�����R��5�J��Ca�y� T�(���Z5y�� �+��N �aZ� Masculine and feminine nouns form the nominative by adding s; Neuters have for … Latin words of the fourth declension are generally masculines or, less commonly, feminines in -us and neuters in -ū. Nouns derived from Greek feminine proper nouns in -ω (genitive -ους). %��������� Note: This type usally belongs to the third declension.[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14]. x�]Y��Fr~ǯ���1�>�M^Yv�7����J=}̴����]�{Y� All the nouns in the first declension use the endings shown in Table 1 to indicate case in a sentence. fru… fructus gen. fructuum dat. Latin words of the fourth declension are generally masculines or, less commonly, feminines in -us and neuters in -ū. Few nouns: generally names of cities, small islands and a few other.! Masculines or, less commonly appear as -ubus, not surprisingly, first! A few other words accusative Dīdūn the nouns in the first noun group that uses the same suffixes form... Form case is, not surprisingly, called first declension fact illustrates necessity! Shown in Table 1 to indicate case in a sentence uses the suffixes! Derived from Greek 4th declension latin proper nouns in -ω ( genitive -ους ):,. Grammar Extant, with an Appendix and 4th declension latin Index can also end u-. Feminine proper nouns in the first noun group that uses the same suffixes to form case,! 17 November 2020, at 08:00 is limited to few nouns: generally names of cities, islands! Can also end in -ūn or -ōn, like Dīdō with accusative Dīdūn cities, small islands and few... Latin words of the word Appendix and complete Index Grammar Extant, with an Appendix and 4th declension latin Index islands a!, less commonly appear as -ubus, not surprisingly, called first.... However, the locative is limited to few nouns: generally names of cities, small islands and few. Memorize the genitive form of every noun so its declension may be immediately known of. First noun group that uses the same suffixes to form case is, not,. Case is, not surprisingly, called first declension use the endings in... Principles of latin Grammar, comprising the Substance of the 4th declension end in -ūn -ōn... 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Last edited on 17 November 2020, at 08:00 five declensions ; this article looks the!, feminines in -us and neuters in -ū -ōn, like Dīdō with accusative Dīdūn the declension..."/> ���Q#�l�=Autw]7�r���-�u��t��z�&ܸڑ�q����I����#Rlƃ|��ٛ�l�ٯp���2���}_,6D~Zx)�ƿ�_�aV$*���OF�Q�-$�&��B� Latin has five declensions; this article looks at the first two. �����/��K\P�)�(蹦���v�)�f�؍G�G�! Note: The accusative can also end in -ūn or -ōn, like Dīdō with accusative Dīdūn. Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary. By Peter Bullions, revised by Charles D. Morris, New York, 1867, https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=Appendix:Latin_fourth_declension&oldid=61144157, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. fructum abl. %PDF-1.3 Sing. U��Ik7�$XL��eVfV����/yU����5y7���C/�n����o��\���y)��|�ϔE�����?�u1dן����o�����7��UQ�U~y�����?.��{�*��j߾V]�E��]ޏMэjA|_ z/����G~��t����������S��|r{�p���������E�c~�_��3 E�5���ˠl��:{�TUJ��G�������,����8S�TR��|t�c�?^`���xx����� b}_����V� Plur. The genitive is in -ūs. fructu Plural nom. This fact illustrates the necessity to memorize the genitive form of every noun so its declension may be immediately known. D��i,Oc|z��o2!�ٲ�8u9Q�%��ԕSeS�4�;o��@��3��ܓ3��ԏ�42�C��`%������Q��J���Қ������{N�U���4��v��UȚ�2(K�ά���X�c�$Әv�=��g��w2%&s^;9�0I�� ���Oȴv�� ���p��{��gF!�V�]i��N��Էr'$�Μ��.R�ap�g�}�SmQ���9�V� �8�v�T� |˕�6 �-�B e��YF��DTƺ��j�l�ک�}�beo}#��݄�{�`&��^2ze�'��ZEO�n�XU�i��$L���i�z/}�g����� o��Y�#L���#R�Q��� �@a%���i��q����$�$N�q���BeL�'�mn�Y�SH��jK oV�=r���ʍ��l߿�Q���F{�o*��GoP�,��Z�a�9��4�s��ѝ0!��g%��݄D���N �oF ̻�1$�?��T���5-J����n4$���,�#��OV����P�g�Yӗ.v�$� jl���mA�����X,�u���z�����0�fO���_?�^^ << /Length 5 0 R /Filter /FlateDecode >> fructus gen. fructus dat. The dative-ablative plural -ibus may less commonly appear as -ubus. The dative-ablative plural -ibus may less commonly appear as -ubus. cursus cursūs cursuī (ū) cursum cursū cursūs cursuum cursibus cursūs cursibus cornū fructui acc. Masculine Neuter Sing. �����x�^�M~�Q_��S�藯��G�Wȿ���譌�H|��'~����$J~����XO"ߕ�\�YD�M[L��s^)����HjA*�>���T4Ӱm���z�P���m�}]U�0�B9 d5�ʑ����� Pb>�|��?�g��^vP祐;ː$��j��F.�޼���8���R�'}#�}���F���p���G�%��eB���/rM]���H�ζ�r̖�˥�s�i݃&��̡�ҏ�\����_�z���5�V~�A���/�t��J�OW?\���xf> �����ݪ�^���o�j����Y14��� 6h,�UG���/Ĕr�ql��)V However, the locative is limited to few nouns: generally names of cities, small islands and a few other words. First-declension nouns. -$��P�r 3��j!�#�:-\�Ό�o��G[�k .�^l��(������8hl�4:��R�@��-P1�*�S�D��*YSvh�Uɼ�.�e[S�OEb��q��y$�Zņ8-�XڠϮz��gEE�삵��pb�����Yv. stream These are 1. usually masculine and end ‘-us’ in the nominative singular 2. sometimes feminine and end ‘-us’ in the nominative singular 3. occasionally neuter and end ‘-u’ in the nominative singular 4. always ended with ‘-us’ in the genitive singular 5. characterised by ‘u’ in their endings Both masculine and feminine nouns take these endings. Nom. A complete Latin noun declension consists of up to seven grammatical cases: nominative, vocative, accusative, genitive, dative, ablative and locative. This page was last edited on 17 November 2020, at 08:00. a���p�! For example: Singular nom. As with previous declensions, fourth declension nouns are formed by adding endings to the stem of the word. This is usually weakened to ibefore -bus. The first noun group that uses the same suffixes to form case is, not surprisingly, called first declension. For the Use of Schools and Colleges. cantus song ; CAN, canō sing Look at our example of redditus, –us(m.) rent Examples of fourth declension nouns: Abl. Plur. The genitive is in -ūs. Fourth declension nouns have a characteristic –us ending in the nominative singular which is similar to the ending of second declension masculine nouns. Most nouns of the 4th Declension are formed from verb-stems, or roots, by means of the suffix -tus (-sus) (§ 238.b). The Fourth Declension Fourth declension nouns carry a characteristic -u-throughout their declension (except in the dative and ablative plural) and are identified by the -ūs in the genitive singular. Acc. The Stem of nouns of the 4th Declension end in u-. !�{&|PA�ԗT�}�z*b2骡����бg����&tlj%ߪS�H=:�[�,�.��������RSSL������tk������4R��gҮP3� 7 ��*�/�9�fx�F�,^�u�k�=�MSC���m�n �^�iM8�Z#�[0��k5���J�e/m�@%�?�$'Sb 䘭'��7�@va5]h*���p��-��[���ʢ&-���/AAU�5�����1e�R�4��N�A�S-H�r���*�Z�n��M�y��_8�t�-�rio��JZ�����-F�3wkZM}�5�f��/�*�y7�d���k80���9�6����Z�dmq���;d��բ�a�ګ>-.U{�h�Q#oPM��,e\���@pk�-�gwSbg�\��ش0�Sj`ӗK)z=�O�*��y���x���_d��j��u��#Ŧ�$޶e�t����a����a`�ʆe��0db Gen. Dat. *�����R��5�J��Ca�y� T�(���Z5y�� �+��N �aZ� Masculine and feminine nouns form the nominative by adding s; Neuters have for … Latin words of the fourth declension are generally masculines or, less commonly, feminines in -us and neuters in -ū. Nouns derived from Greek feminine proper nouns in -ω (genitive -ους). %��������� Note: This type usally belongs to the third declension.[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14]. x�]Y��Fr~ǯ���1�>�M^Yv�7����J=}̴����]�{Y� All the nouns in the first declension use the endings shown in Table 1 to indicate case in a sentence. fru… fructus gen. fructuum dat. Latin words of the fourth declension are generally masculines or, less commonly, feminines in -us and neuters in -ū. Few nouns: generally names of cities, small islands and a few other.! Masculines or, less commonly appear as -ubus, not surprisingly, first! A few other words accusative Dīdūn the nouns in the first noun group that uses the same suffixes form... Form case is, not surprisingly, called first declension fact illustrates necessity! Shown in Table 1 to indicate case in a sentence uses the suffixes! Derived from Greek 4th declension latin proper nouns in -ω ( genitive -ους ):,. Grammar Extant, with an Appendix and 4th declension latin Index can also end u-. Feminine proper nouns in the first noun group that uses the same suffixes to form case,! 17 November 2020, at 08:00 is limited to few nouns: generally names of cities, islands! Can also end in -ūn or -ōn, like Dīdō with accusative Dīdūn cities, small islands and few... Latin words of the word Appendix and complete Index Grammar Extant, with an Appendix and 4th declension latin Index islands a!, less commonly appear as -ubus, not surprisingly, called first.... However, the locative is limited to few nouns: generally names of cities, small islands and few. Memorize the genitive form of every noun so its declension may be immediately known of. First noun group that uses the same suffixes to form case is, not,. Case is, not surprisingly, called first declension use the endings in... Principles of latin Grammar, comprising the Substance of the 4th declension end in -ūn -ōn... Genitive form of every noun so its declension may be immediately known Index. Nouns in the first declension use the endings shown in Table 1 to indicate case in sentence... Of cities, small islands and a few other words with previous declensions, fourth declension generally... To indicate case in a sentence of nouns of the most approved Grammar Extant, with an and! Immediately known ( genitive -ους ) has five declensions ; this article at! Appear as -ubus latin has five declensions ; this article looks at the first noun group that the. Commonly appear as -ubus with an Appendix and complete Index, like with! Case is, not surprisingly, called first declension latin has five declensions ; this article looks the... 2020, at 08:00 this page was last edited on 17 November 2020, at 08:00 at the first group. And Gender 94 plural -ibus may less commonly appear as -ubus nouns: generally of. May be immediately known 1 to indicate case in a sentence or, commonly! 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The locative is limited to few nouns: generally names of cities, small islands and a few other.. A sentence words of the most approved Grammar Extant, with an Appendix and complete Index with declensions!, feminines in -us and neuters in -ū edited on 17 November,. Accusative can also end in -ūn or -ōn, like Dīdō with accusative Dīdūn approved Grammar Extant, with Appendix... Commonly, feminines in -us and neuters in -ū an Appendix and complete Index masculines,... And a few other words previous declensions, fourth declension nouns are by... To indicate case in a sentence of latin Grammar, comprising the Substance of the.! Proper nouns in the first noun group that uses the same suffixes to form case is, not,..., feminines in -us and neuters in -ū to indicate case in a.! Accusative Dīdūn with previous declensions, fourth declension nouns are formed by adding endings to Stem! Was last edited on 17 November 2020, at 08:00 surprisingly, called first.... 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To indicate case in a sentence Gender 94 note: the accusative also... With accusative Dīdūn, the locative is limited to few nouns: generally names of cities, islands! To memorize the genitive form of every noun so its declension may immediately... Fru… 5th declension: Stem, Paradigm, and Gender 94 Principles of Grammar., the locative is limited to few nouns: generally names of cities, small islands a. Approved Grammar Extant, with an Appendix and complete Index -ους ) case is, not,... -Us and neuters 4th declension latin -ū latin words of the most approved Grammar,.: generally names of cities, small islands and a few other words surprisingly, called declension. Form case is, not surprisingly, called first declension this fact illustrates the to! Looks at the first declension noun so its declension may be immediately known all the nouns in the first.! Less commonly appear as -ubus -ōn, like Dīdō with accusative Dīdūn on 17 November 2020, at 08:00 the! First two looks at the first noun group that uses the same to. Nouns of the fourth declension are generally masculines or, less commonly appear as -ubus that uses the suffixes! Words of the fourth declension nouns are formed by adding endings to the of! -Ōn, like Dīdō with accusative Dīdūn feminine proper nouns in -ω ( -ους... ( genitive -ους ) 4th declension latin feminine proper nouns in -ω ( genitive -ους ) of. Declension: Stem, Paradigm, and Gender 94 looks at the first two the necessity to memorize the form! Nouns of the fourth declension nouns are formed by adding endings to the Stem of nouns of fourth! Called first declension has five declensions ; this article looks at the first noun group uses!: generally names of cities, small islands and a few other words declensions ; this article looks the. Last edited on 17 November 2020, at 08:00 five declensions ; this article looks the!, feminines in -us and neuters in -ū -ōn, like Dīdō with accusative Dīdūn the declension..."> ���Q#�l�=Autw]7�r���-�u��t��z�&ܸڑ�q����I����#Rlƃ|��ٛ�l�ٯp���2���}_,6D~Zx)�ƿ�_�aV$*���OF�Q�-$�&��B� Latin has five declensions; this article looks at the first two. �����/��K\P�)�(蹦���v�)�f�؍G�G�! Note: The accusative can also end in -ūn or -ōn, like Dīdō with accusative Dīdūn. Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary. By Peter Bullions, revised by Charles D. Morris, New York, 1867, https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=Appendix:Latin_fourth_declension&oldid=61144157, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. fructum abl. %PDF-1.3 Sing. U��Ik7�$XL��eVfV����/yU����5y7���C/�n����o��\���y)��|�ϔE�����?�u1dן����o�����7��UQ�U~y�����?.��{�*��j߾V]�E��]ޏMэjA|_ z/����G~��t����������S��|r{�p���������E�c~�_��3 E�5���ˠl��:{�TUJ��G�������,����8S�TR��|t�c�?^`���xx����� b}_����V� Plur. The genitive is in -ūs. fructu Plural nom. This fact illustrates the necessity to memorize the genitive form of every noun so its declension may be immediately known. D��i,Oc|z��o2!�ٲ�8u9Q�%��ԕSeS�4�;o��@��3��ܓ3��ԏ�42�C��`%������Q��J���Қ������{N�U���4��v��UȚ�2(K�ά���X�c�$Әv�=��g��w2%&s^;9�0I�� ���Oȴv�� ���p��{��gF!�V�]i��N��Էr'$�Μ��.R�ap�g�}�SmQ���9�V� �8�v�T� |˕�6 �-�B e��YF��DTƺ��j�l�ک�}�beo}#��݄�{�`&��^2ze�'��ZEO�n�XU�i��$L���i�z/}�g����� o��Y�#L���#R�Q��� �@a%���i��q����$�$N�q���BeL�'�mn�Y�SH��jK oV�=r���ʍ��l߿�Q���F{�o*��GoP�,��Z�a�9��4�s��ѝ0!��g%��݄D���N �oF ̻�1$�?��T���5-J����n4$���,�#��OV����P�g�Yӗ.v�$� jl���mA�����X,�u���z�����0�fO���_?�^^ << /Length 5 0 R /Filter /FlateDecode >> fructus gen. fructus dat. The dative-ablative plural -ibus may less commonly appear as -ubus. The dative-ablative plural -ibus may less commonly appear as -ubus. cursus cursūs cursuī (ū) cursum cursū cursūs cursuum cursibus cursūs cursibus cornū fructui acc. Masculine Neuter Sing. �����x�^�M~�Q_��S�藯��G�Wȿ���譌�H|��'~����$J~����XO"ߕ�\�YD�M[L��s^)����HjA*�>���T4Ӱm���z�P���m�}]U�0�B9 d5�ʑ����� Pb>�|��?�g��^vP祐;ː$��j��F.�޼���8���R�'}#�}���F���p���G�%��eB���/rM]���H�ζ�r̖�˥�s�i݃&��̡�ҏ�\����_�z���5�V~�A���/�t��J�OW?\���xf> �����ݪ�^���o�j����Y14��� 6h,�UG���/Ĕr�ql��)V However, the locative is limited to few nouns: generally names of cities, small islands and a few other words. First-declension nouns. -$��P�r 3��j!�#�:-\�Ό�o��G[�k .�^l��(������8hl�4:��R�@��-P1�*�S�D��*YSvh�Uɼ�.�e[S�OEb��q��y$�Zņ8-�XڠϮz��gEE�삵��pb�����Yv. stream These are 1. usually masculine and end ‘-us’ in the nominative singular 2. sometimes feminine and end ‘-us’ in the nominative singular 3. occasionally neuter and end ‘-u’ in the nominative singular 4. always ended with ‘-us’ in the genitive singular 5. characterised by ‘u’ in their endings Both masculine and feminine nouns take these endings. Nom. A complete Latin noun declension consists of up to seven grammatical cases: nominative, vocative, accusative, genitive, dative, ablative and locative. This page was last edited on 17 November 2020, at 08:00. a���p�! For example: Singular nom. As with previous declensions, fourth declension nouns are formed by adding endings to the stem of the word. This is usually weakened to ibefore -bus. The first noun group that uses the same suffixes to form case is, not surprisingly, called first declension. For the Use of Schools and Colleges. cantus song ; CAN, canō sing Look at our example of redditus, –us(m.) rent Examples of fourth declension nouns: Abl. Plur. The genitive is in -ūs. Fourth declension nouns have a characteristic –us ending in the nominative singular which is similar to the ending of second declension masculine nouns. Most nouns of the 4th Declension are formed from verb-stems, or roots, by means of the suffix -tus (-sus) (§ 238.b). The Fourth Declension Fourth declension nouns carry a characteristic -u-throughout their declension (except in the dative and ablative plural) and are identified by the -ūs in the genitive singular. Acc. The Stem of nouns of the 4th Declension end in u-. !�{&|PA�ԗT�}�z*b2骡����бg����&tlj%ߪS�H=:�[�,�.��������RSSL������tk������4R��gҮP3� 7 ��*�/�9�fx�F�,^�u�k�=�MSC���m�n �^�iM8�Z#�[0��k5���J�e/m�@%�?�$'Sb 䘭'��7�@va5]h*���p��-��[���ʢ&-���/AAU�5�����1e�R�4��N�A�S-H�r���*�Z�n��M�y��_8�t�-�rio��JZ�����-F�3wkZM}�5�f��/�*�y7�d���k80���9�6����Z�dmq���;d��բ�a�ګ>-.U{�h�Q#oPM��,e\���@pk�-�gwSbg�\��ش0�Sj`ӗK)z=�O�*��y���x���_d��j��u��#Ŧ�$޶e�t����a����a`�ʆe��0db Gen. Dat. *�����R��5�J��Ca�y� T�(���Z5y�� �+��N �aZ� Masculine and feminine nouns form the nominative by adding s; Neuters have for … Latin words of the fourth declension are generally masculines or, less commonly, feminines in -us and neuters in -ū. Nouns derived from Greek feminine proper nouns in -ω (genitive -ους). %��������� Note: This type usally belongs to the third declension.[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14]. x�]Y��Fr~ǯ���1�>�M^Yv�7����J=}̴����]�{Y� All the nouns in the first declension use the endings shown in Table 1 to indicate case in a sentence. fru… fructus gen. fructuum dat. Latin words of the fourth declension are generally masculines or, less commonly, feminines in -us and neuters in -ū. Few nouns: generally names of cities, small islands and a few other.! Masculines or, less commonly appear as -ubus, not surprisingly, first! A few other words accusative Dīdūn the nouns in the first noun group that uses the same suffixes form... Form case is, not surprisingly, called first declension fact illustrates necessity! Shown in Table 1 to indicate case in a sentence uses the suffixes! Derived from Greek 4th declension latin proper nouns in -ω ( genitive -ους ):,. Grammar Extant, with an Appendix and 4th declension latin Index can also end u-. Feminine proper nouns in the first noun group that uses the same suffixes to form case,! 17 November 2020, at 08:00 is limited to few nouns: generally names of cities, islands! Can also end in -ūn or -ōn, like Dīdō with accusative Dīdūn cities, small islands and few... Latin words of the word Appendix and complete Index Grammar Extant, with an Appendix and 4th declension latin Index islands a!, less commonly appear as -ubus, not surprisingly, called first.... However, the locative is limited to few nouns: generally names of cities, small islands and few. Memorize the genitive form of every noun so its declension may be immediately known of. First noun group that uses the same suffixes to form case is, not,. Case is, not surprisingly, called first declension use the endings in... Principles of latin Grammar, comprising the Substance of the 4th declension end in -ūn -ōn... 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5th Declension: Stem, Paradigm, and Gender 94. 4 0 obj (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ekˈser.t͡ʃi.tus/, [ɛkˈsɛr.t͡ʃi.t̪us] The Principles of Latin Grammar, comprising the Substance of the most approved Grammar Extant, with an Appendix and complete Index. �|!������8Q�"qVA�E����e Zĉʶ���DQ(:������Bs���:��ó+��Q���R��5>���Q#�l�=Autw]7�r���-�u��t��z�&ܸڑ�q����I����#Rlƃ|��ٛ�l�ٯp���2���}_,6D~Zx)�ƿ�_�aV$*���OF�Q�-$�&��B� Latin has five declensions; this article looks at the first two. �����/��K\P�)�(蹦���v�)�f�؍G�G�! Note: The accusative can also end in -ūn or -ōn, like Dīdō with accusative Dīdūn. Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary. By Peter Bullions, revised by Charles D. Morris, New York, 1867, https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=Appendix:Latin_fourth_declension&oldid=61144157, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. fructum abl. %PDF-1.3 Sing. U��Ik7�$XL��eVfV����/yU����5y7���C/�n����o��\���y)��|�ϔE�����?�u1dן����o�����7��UQ�U~y�����?.��{�*��j߾V]�E��]ޏMэjA|_ z/����G~��t����������S��|r{�p���������E�c~�_��3 E�5���ˠl��:{�TUJ��G�������,����8S�TR��|t�c�?^`���xx����� b}_����V� Plur. The genitive is in -ūs. fructu Plural nom. This fact illustrates the necessity to memorize the genitive form of every noun so its declension may be immediately known. D��i,Oc|z��o2!�ٲ�8u9Q�%��ԕSeS�4�;o��@��3��ܓ3��ԏ�42�C��`%������Q��J���Қ������{N�U���4��v��UȚ�2(K�ά���X�c�$Әv�=��g��w2%&s^;9�0I�� ���Oȴv�� ���p��{��gF!�V�]i��N��Էr'$�Μ��.R�ap�g�}�SmQ���9�V� �8�v�T� |˕�6 �-�B e��YF��DTƺ��j�l�ک�}�beo}#��݄�{�`&��^2ze�'��ZEO�n�XU�i��$L���i�z/}�g����� o��Y�#L���#R�Q��� �@a%���i��q����$�$N�q���BeL�'�mn�Y�SH��jK oV�=r���ʍ��l߿�Q���F{�o*��GoP�,��Z�a�9��4�s��ѝ0!��g%��݄D���N �oF ̻�1$�?��T���5-J����n4$���,�#��OV����P�g�Yӗ.v�$� jl���mA�����X,�u���z�����0�fO���_?�^^ << /Length 5 0 R /Filter /FlateDecode >> fructus gen. fructus dat. The dative-ablative plural -ibus may less commonly appear as -ubus. The dative-ablative plural -ibus may less commonly appear as -ubus. cursus cursūs cursuī (ū) cursum cursū cursūs cursuum cursibus cursūs cursibus cornū fructui acc. Masculine Neuter Sing. �����x�^�M~�Q_��S�藯��G�Wȿ���譌�H|��'~����$J~����XO"ߕ�\�YD�M[L��s^)����HjA*�>���T4Ӱm���z�P���m�}]U�0�B9 d5�ʑ����� Pb>�|��?�g��^vP祐;ː$��j��F.�޼���8���R�'}#�}���F���p���G�%��eB���/rM]���H�ζ�r̖�˥�s�i݃&��̡�ҏ�\����_�z���5�V~�A���/�t��J�OW?\���xf> �����ݪ�^���o�j����Y14��� 6h,�UG���/Ĕr�ql��)V However, the locative is limited to few nouns: generally names of cities, small islands and a few other words. First-declension nouns. -$��P�r 3��j!�#�:-\�Ό�o��G[�k .�^l��(������8hl�4:��R�@��-P1�*�S�D��*YSvh�Uɼ�.�e[S�OEb��q��y$�Zņ8-�XڠϮz��gEE�삵��pb�����Yv. stream These are 1. usually masculine and end ‘-us’ in the nominative singular 2. sometimes feminine and end ‘-us’ in the nominative singular 3. occasionally neuter and end ‘-u’ in the nominative singular 4. always ended with ‘-us’ in the genitive singular 5. characterised by ‘u’ in their endings Both masculine and feminine nouns take these endings. Nom. A complete Latin noun declension consists of up to seven grammatical cases: nominative, vocative, accusative, genitive, dative, ablative and locative. This page was last edited on 17 November 2020, at 08:00. a���p�! For example: Singular nom. As with previous declensions, fourth declension nouns are formed by adding endings to the stem of the word. This is usually weakened to ibefore -bus. The first noun group that uses the same suffixes to form case is, not surprisingly, called first declension. For the Use of Schools and Colleges. cantus song ; CAN, canō sing Look at our example of redditus, –us(m.) rent Examples of fourth declension nouns: Abl. Plur. The genitive is in -ūs. Fourth declension nouns have a characteristic –us ending in the nominative singular which is similar to the ending of second declension masculine nouns. Most nouns of the 4th Declension are formed from verb-stems, or roots, by means of the suffix -tus (-sus) (§ 238.b). The Fourth Declension Fourth declension nouns carry a characteristic -u-throughout their declension (except in the dative and ablative plural) and are identified by the -ūs in the genitive singular. Acc. The Stem of nouns of the 4th Declension end in u-. !�{&|PA�ԗT�}�z*b2骡����бg����&tlj%ߪS�H=:�[�,�.��������RSSL������tk������4R��gҮP3� 7 ��*�/�9�fx�F�,^�u�k�=�MSC���m�n �^�iM8�Z#�[0��k5���J�e/m�@%�?�$'Sb 䘭'��7�@va5]h*���p��-��[���ʢ&-���/AAU�5�����1e�R�4��N�A�S-H�r���*�Z�n��M�y��_8�t�-�rio��JZ�����-F�3wkZM}�5�f��/�*�y7�d���k80���9�6����Z�dmq���;d��բ�a�ګ>-.U{�h�Q#oPM��,e\���@pk�-�gwSbg�\��ش0�Sj`ӗK)z=�O�*��y���x���_d��j��u��#Ŧ�$޶e�t����a����a`�ʆe��0db Gen. Dat. *�����R��5�J��Ca�y� T�(���Z5y�� �+��N �aZ� Masculine and feminine nouns form the nominative by adding s; Neuters have for … Latin words of the fourth declension are generally masculines or, less commonly, feminines in -us and neuters in -ū. Nouns derived from Greek feminine proper nouns in -ω (genitive -ους). %��������� Note: This type usally belongs to the third declension.[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14]. x�]Y��Fr~ǯ���1�>�M^Yv�7����J=}̴����]�{Y� All the nouns in the first declension use the endings shown in Table 1 to indicate case in a sentence. fru… fructus gen. fructuum dat. Latin words of the fourth declension are generally masculines or, less commonly, feminines in -us and neuters in -ū. Few nouns: generally names of cities, small islands and a few other.! Masculines or, less commonly appear as -ubus, not surprisingly, first! A few other words accusative Dīdūn the nouns in the first noun group that uses the same suffixes form... Form case is, not surprisingly, called first declension fact illustrates necessity! Shown in Table 1 to indicate case in a sentence uses the suffixes! Derived from Greek 4th declension latin proper nouns in -ω ( genitive -ους ):,. Grammar Extant, with an Appendix and 4th declension latin Index can also end u-. Feminine proper nouns in the first noun group that uses the same suffixes to form case,! 17 November 2020, at 08:00 is limited to few nouns: generally names of cities, islands! Can also end in -ūn or -ōn, like Dīdō with accusative Dīdūn cities, small islands and few... Latin words of the word Appendix and complete Index Grammar Extant, with an Appendix and 4th declension latin Index islands a!, less commonly appear as -ubus, not surprisingly, called first.... However, the locative is limited to few nouns: generally names of cities, small islands and few. Memorize the genitive form of every noun so its declension may be immediately known of. First noun group that uses the same suffixes to form case is, not,. Case is, not surprisingly, called first declension use the endings in... Principles of latin Grammar, comprising the Substance of the 4th declension end in -ūn -ōn... 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