softball history

The International Softball Federation (ISF) holds world championships, held every four years, in several categories. He suggested a game of indoor baseball. Recruiting Questionnaires: Don’t Throw Them Away! Fair territory is further divided into the infield, the outfield, and the territory beyond the outfield fence. It may be no more than 34 in (86 cm) long, 2.25 in (6 cm) in diameter, or 38 oz (1.08 kg) in weight. The pitcher also acts as the second baseman. The plate umpire may suspend play because of darkness or anything that puts players or spectators in danger. Never before had a team from the United States competed in an international event of this caliber. Gloves have webbing between the thumb and forefinger. [2] Rober's version of the game used a ball 12 inches (305 mm) in circumference, rather than the 16-inch (406 mm) ball used by the Farragut club, and eventually the Minneapolis ball prevailed, although the dimensions of the Minneapolis diamond were passed over in favor of the dimensions of the Chicago one. The bases other than home plate are 15 in (38 cm) square, of canvas or a similar material, and not more than 5 in (13 cm) thick. The pitcher tries to throw the ball so that it passes through the strike zone. In many United States cities, adult softball teams are organized by pubs, hence the popular term "beer-league softball." History. Decisions about play are made by umpires. A score of 7-0 for the team not at fault is recorded. If the batter reaches first base without being put out, then that player can then be forced to run towards second base the next time a ball is driven into fair territory. A run is scored when a player has touched all four bases in order, proceeding counterclockwise from first base to home plate. The battle for recognition of this splendid game is over. Except for the pitcher, whose glove cannot be white or gray (this confuses the batter), gloves and mitts can be any color. In co-ed, male and female batters must alternate. In some leagues, the number of home runs that can be hit by a team are limited. The bases must be reached in order counterclockwise, starting with first base. This last rule is rarely enforced as players who break rules after being warned are usually removed. Levinson, David, and Karen Christensen (eds). By the same token some leagues have an alternate home plate and rule that plays at home are always force plays. Hancock’s game gradually spread throughout the country and ultimately flourished in Minneapolis, thanks to the ingenuity and efforts of Lewis Rober, a Minneapolis Fire Department lieutenant, who wanted a game to keep his firemen fit during their idle time. Only the wall behind the batter is considered foul territory. Hancock marked off a home plate, bases and a pitcher’s box inside the Farragut Boat Club gymnasium and then divided the 2 groups divided into teams. At adult levels, there is no formal requirement for the catcher to wear a mask, although the official rules recommend it.[7]. A forfeit may be called due to any of these circumstances: if a team does not show up to play; if one side refuses to continue play; if a team fails to resume play after a suspension of play ends; if a team uses tactics intended to unfairly delay or hasten the game; if a player removed from the game does not leave within one minute of being instructed to do so; if a player that cannot play enters the game and one pitch has been thrown; if a team does not have, for whatever reason, enough players to continue; or if after warning by the umpire, a player continues to intentionally break the rules of the game. Hancock's invention eventually caught on in Chicago with the Farragut team challenging other gyms to games. Most players use "sliding shorts" otherwise known as compression short. Retrieved October 9, 2015. International Softball Federation. These softballs, when hit, will not go as far as regular softballs. Hancock took a boxing glove and tied it into a ball. Also, some third base players or players in other positions may be required to wear a facemask. This minimizes the chances of a collision with the first baseman. The team did not acquire a coach … In Chicago, where softball was invented, it remains traditional to play with a ball 16 inches in circumference. If it is a championship game, it is replayed from the beginning. Hancock called "Play ball!" "The promotional activities of the ASA played an important part in stimulating the interest that has been developing for many years. If the home team is leading and the road team has just finished its half of the seventh inning, the game ends because it is not necessary for the home team to bat again. Officially, which team bats first is decided by a coin toss,[8] although a league may decide otherwise at its discretion. Strikes are called by the plate umpire, who uses the same motion as the out call with a verbal call of "strike." It was evident that softball finally had a foundation from which to grow, and, in 1935, the Playground Association Softball Guide, wrote: "the years of persistent effort, constant promotion and unchanging faith of believers in softball proved to have not been in vain, for in 1934 softball came into its own. A run is not scored if the last out occurs on a force out during the same play that the runner crosses home plate. There are no walks, and a batter is normally given a fixed number of pitches to attempt to hit (usually 3 or 4). On the opening day of the 1933 tournament, the Chicago American said, "it is the largest and most comprehensive tournament ever held in the sport which has swept the country like wildfire." Team rosters may be changed. Hakanson had come up with the name in 1926, but the committee didn't include the Amateur Softball Association (ASA) until 1934. If the game is tied, play usually continues until a decision is reached, by using the international tie-breaker rule. The first baseman and the catcher may wear mitts; mitts are distinguished from gloves in that they have extra padding, and no fingers. It results in shorter games, as players are more apt to swing, even at marginal pitches, rather than risk striking out on one pitch. It was later shortened to "Kitten Ball.". At the back of the uniform an Arabic number from 1-99 must be visible. At the time, the sport was called "Indoor Baseball. The game consists of an oversized ball, eleven to 12 inches (or rarely, 16 inches) in circumference. In the spring, Hancock took his game outdoors and played it on fields not large enough for baseball. Efforts to organize softball on a national basis didn't materialize until 1933, when Leo Fischer and Michael J. Pauley, a Chicago Sporting goods salesman, conceived the idea of organizing thousands of local softball teams in America into cohesive state organizations, and state organizations into a national organization. Depending on the league in slow pitch only a foul ball with two strikes on the batter means the batter is out. This is designed to reduce the "Pickle," in which the runner is caught in between bases and is chased back and forth by the two baseman in an effort to tag her out. The ball is usually hit with a full swinging motion in which the bat may move through more than 360 degrees. The first world … A ball is awarded to the batter, and any runners on base advancing to the next base.

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