, The Chinese-held Old City of Shanghai fell to rebels from the Small Swords Society in 1853, but was recovered by the Qing government in February 1855. , The Shanghai Cricket Club dates back to 1858 when the first recorded cricket match was played between a team of British Naval officers and a Shanghai 11. In summer and the beginning of autumn, the city is susceptible to typhoons. The earliest occurrence of this name dates from the 11th-century Song dynasty, when there was already a river confluence and a town with this name in the area.  Both Benbang and Haipai cuisine make use of a variety of seafood, including freshwater fish, shrimps, and crabs. Since 2011, I focus on business and investing in the big emerging markets exclusively for Forbes. Also, each year the population increases by 0.1204 Million as per aggregate. "Shanghai Studies: An evolving academic field", This page was last edited on 16 October 2020, at 02:21. I write about business and investing in emerging markets. The exile of Shanghainese filmmakers and actors as a result of the Second Sino-Japanese War and the Communist revolution contributed enormously to the development of the Hong Kong film industry. The Shanghai Disney Resort Project was approved by the government on 4 November 2009 and opened in 2016.  In the mid 19th century, the Shanghai School movement commenced, focusing less on the symbolism emphasized by the Literati style but more on the visual content of painting through the use of bright colors. , Two important events helped promote Shanghai's developments in the Ming dynasty. Around 9,500 license plates are auctioned each month, and the average price is about CN¥89,600 (US$12,739) in 2019. miles). The following December, the land area of Shanghai was further expanded to 5,910 km2 (2,281.9 sq mi) after more surrounding suburban areas in Jiangsu were added: Chongming, Jinshan, Qingpu, Fengxian, Chuansha, and Nanhui. Question: What is the population of Shanghai? [+] June 7, 2019. Cui, L. & Shi, J.  As such, Shanghai has several museums of regional and national importance.  In the early 21st century, Shanghai has been recognized as a new influence and inspiration for cyberpunk culture. Although every district has its own urban core, the city hall and major administrative units are located in Huangpu District, which also serves as a commercial area, including the famous Nanjing Road. This has also caused the city to experience population aging—in 2017, 33.1% (4.8 million) of the city's registered population was aged 60 or above. Former holder of the FINRA Series 7 and 66. Between 1860 and 1862, the Taiping rebels twice attacked Shanghai and destroyed the city's eastern and southern suburbs, but failed to take the city. , Location of Shanghai Municipality in China, Consulates General/consulates in Shanghai, Original Minhang District and Shanghai County until 1992. On average, 8.7 days exceed 35 °C (95 °F) annually. , Benbang cuisine (本帮菜) is cooking style that originated in the 1600s, with influences from surrounding provinces. • Languages: Polski 2017-09-15. People who stayed in the occupied city suffered on a daily basis, experiencing hunger, oppression, or death. The port experienced thriving trade with provinces along the Yangtze and the Chinese coast, as well as with foreign countries such as Japan and Silla. A city wall was built for the first time in 1554 to protect the town from raids by Japanese pirates. Shanghai’s 19th place on the Global Cities Index remains unchanged from 2018. Extremes since 1951 have ranged from −10.1 °C (14 °F) on 31 January 1977 (unofficial record of −12.1 °C (10 °F) was set on 19 January 1893) to 40.9 °C (106 °F) on 21 July 2017 at a weather station in Xujiahui. Because the zone is not technically considered Chinese territory for tax purposes, commodities entering the zone are exempt from duty and customs clearance. Scholars have theorized that this likely reflected the town's economic importance, as opposed to its low political status. (2012, December) Urbanization and its environmental effects in Shanghai, China. , The First Sino-Japanese War concluded with the 1895 Treaty of Shimonoseki, which elevated Japan to become another foreign power in Shanghai. The city was one of five treaty ports forced open to foreign trade after the First Opium War.  In the 1930s, some 30,000 Ashkenazi Jewish refugees from Europe arrived in the city. According to a 2012 survey, only 13.1% of the city's population belongs to organized religions, including Buddhists with 10.4%, Protestants with 1.9%, Catholics with 0.7%, and other faiths with 0.1%. In the 1990s, economic reforms introduced by Deng Xiaoping resulted in an intense redevelopment of the city, especially the Pudong New Area, aiding the return of finance and foreign investment. , In the 19th century, international attention to Shanghai grew due to European recognition of its economic and trade potential at the Yangtze. I've spent 20 years as a reporter for the best in the business, including as a Brazil-based staffer for WSJ. The plan included a public museum, library, sports stadium, and city hall, which were partially constructed before being interrupted by the Japanese invasion. Accessed December 9, 2019. As of 2015[update], these county-level divisions are further divided into the following 210 township-level divisions: 109 towns, 2 townships, and 99 subdistricts. Since 2004, it has hosted the Chinese Grand Prix, a round of the Formula One World Championship. Mi Fu, a scholar and artist of the Song dynasty, served as its mayor.  Shanghai is also home to the cadre school China Executive Leadership Academy in Pudong and the China Europe International Business School. Although the port is run by the Shanghai International Port Group under the government of Shanghai, it administratively belongs to Shengsi County, Zhejiang.  The school was considered an expansion of the Wu School in Suzhou, the cultural center of the Jiangnan region at the time.  According to the city's vehicle regulations introduced in June 2016, only locally registered residents and those who have paid social insurance or individual income taxes for over three years are eligible to be in the auction.  This character appears on all motor vehicle license plates issued in the municipality today.. , Officials with ties to the Shanghai administration collectively form a powerful faction in the central government known as the Shanghai Clique, which has often been viewed to compete against the rival Youth League Faction over personnel appointments and policy decisions.  The system is operated by multiple companies.  Several preferential policies have been implemented to attract foreign investment in various industries to the zone. Largest Cities in China # , Shanghai is home to many prominent Chinese professional athletes, such as basketball player Yao Ming, 110-meter hurdler Liu Xiang, table tennis player Wang Liqin, and badminton player Wang Yihan. Since the 1960s, many tram lines were either dismantled or replaced by trolleybus or motorbus lines; the last tram line was demolished in 1975. Authorities pulled nearly one-third of government vehicles from the roads, while much construction work was halted. As of April 2020[update], Shanghai is twinned with the following regions, cities, and counties:, As of September 2020, Shanghai hosts 71 consulates general and 5 consulates, excluding Hong Kong and Macao trade office. , In September 2013 with the backing of Chinese Premier Li Keqiang, the city launched the China (Shanghai) Pilot Free-Trade Zone—the first free-trade zone in mainland China. Main content of the population.city website is historical and statistical overview of the population for 20.000 cities worldwide. Their urbanization rate rose from 18% in 1978 to 60% in 2018. Because Putonghua and English were more favored, Shanghainese began to decline, and fluency among young speakers weakened. All this international activity gave Shanghai the nickname "the Great Athens of China". In recent years, there have been movements within the city to promote the local language and protect it from fading out..  Shanghai's six largest industries—retail, finance, IT, real estate, machine manufacturing, and automotive manufacturing—comprise about half the city's GDP.  The Shanghai Museum has one of the largest collections of Chinese artifacts in the world, including a large collection of ancient Chinese bronzes and ceramics. As such, the vast majority of its 6,340.5 km2 (2,448.1 sq mi) land area is flat, with an average elevation of 4 m (13 ft).  During the Republic of China, many famous artists including Zhang Daqian, Liu Haisu, Xu Beihong, Feng Zikai, and Yan Wenliang settled in Shanghai, allowing it to gradually become the art center of China. They singled out sexual orientation in their report.  In 1937, the Battle of Shanghai resulted in the occupation of the Chinese-administered parts of Shanghai outside of the International Settlement and the French Concession.  The second was before the 2010 Expo, which includes restoration of the century-old Waibaidu Bridge and reconfiguration of traffic flow. The report was published in May. However, on some main roads, including all expressways, bicycles and motorcycles are banned. Danielson, Eric N., Shanghai and the Yangzi Delta, 2004, p. 34.  All are connected to the metro network and serve as hubs in the railway network of China. , Private car ownership in Shanghai is rapidly increasing: in 2019, there were 3.40 million private cars in the city, a 12.5% increase from 2018. Under the new People's Republic of China (PRC), Shanghai was one of only three municipalities not merged into neighboring provinces (the others being Beijing and Tianjin). The city has several major institutes of theater training, including the Shanghai Conservatory of Music, the Shanghai Dramatic Arts Centre, the Shanghai Opera House, and the Shanghai Theatre Academy. These buildings were mostly erected between the founding of the People's Republic in 1949 and the Sino-Soviet Split in the late 1960s. The race is staged annually at the Shanghai International Circuit.  Headed by a Chinese mayor and municipal council, the new city government's first task—the Greater Shanghai Plan—was to create a new city center in Jiangwan town of Yangpu district, outside the boundaries of the foreign concessions.  , After the war, Shanghai's economy was restored—from 1949 to 1952, the city's agricultural and industrial output increased by 51.5% and 94.2%, respectively.  Shanghai-based sports teams and newspapers often use Shen in their names, such as Shanghai Shenhua F.C.  It is featured in its double-skin facade design, which eliminates the need for either layer to be opaqued for reflectivity as the double-layer structure has already reduced the heat absorption.
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