Roger Ebert said that it "is not simply a bad movie, but also a stupid and incompetent one."  After various revisions and rewrites, Benchley delivered his final draft in January 1973. " When the piece was first played for Spielberg, he was said to have laughed at Williams, thinking that it was a joke. ", Zanuck and Brown had originally planned to hire John Sturges to direct the film, before considering Dick Richards. The film, though, continued the series diminishing returns. After various revisions and rewrites, Benchley delivered his final draft in January 1973. His work has appeared on PopMatters.com, Vulture.com, and Ugly Planet, among other online publications. Usually, people won't believe them right away when they suggest that a shark is to blame for recent deaths, but they have a sixth sense about these things...and they're always right. ", "Letter in response to "A Study of Jaws' Incisive Overture To Close Off the Century, "The Blockbuster Can No Longer Live By Muscle Alone", "Man who gave summer blockbuster its bite dies", "Business Data for Jaws: The Revenge (1987)", "The 25 Worst Sequels Ever Made - 10. The project was abandoned due to conflicts with Universal Studios.  Cinema audiences could wear disposable cardboard polarized glasses to create the illusion that elements penetrate the screen.  The film, though, continued the series diminishing returns. Michael (Lance Guest) convinces her to spend some time with his family in The Bahamas. It is often considered one of the worst movies ever made. Jaws is widely regarded as one of the greatest films of all time. In the film, a giant man-eating great white shark attacks beachgoers at a New England summer resort town, prompting police chief Martin Brody (Roy Scheider) to hunt it with the help of a marine biologist (Richard Dreyfuss) and a professional shark hunter (Robert Shaw).  During its run in theaters, the film became the first to reach more than $100 million in U.S. box office receipts. https://jaws.fandom.com/wiki/Jaws_Franchise?oldid=8341, Peter Benchley, Carl Gottlieb, & Howard Sackler. Doubleday editor Tom Congdon was interested in Benchley's idea of a novel about a great white shark terrorizing a beach resort. Spielberg sent the script to Carl Gottlieb, asking for advice. The franchise has also seen the release of various soundtrack albums, additional novelizations based on the sequels, trading cards, inspired theme park rides at Universal Studios Florida and Universal Studios Japan, multiple video games, and a musical that premiered in 2004. Jaws 3-D (stylized on-screen as Jaws III) is a 1983 American thriller film directed by Joe Alves and starring Dennis Quaid, Bess Armstrong, Lea Thompson and Louis Gossett, Jr. Universal "devised and co-ordinated a highly innovative plan" for the first film's distribution and exhibition.  A Jaws level was featured in the 2001 game Universal Studios Theme Parks Adventure by Kemco for the Nintendo Gamecube. As the park prepares to open, it is infiltrated by a baby great white shark which attacks and kills water-skiers and park employees. Spielberg described it as a collaboration among John Milius, Howard Sackler, and actor Robert Shaw. Benchley would adapt his own work, along with help from Carl Gottlieb and Howard Sackler, into the 1975 film Jaws, which was directed by Steven Spielberg. In 2015, Universal made a poster and trailer for the fictional movie that came with the Back to the Future 30th Anniversary Box-Set. , Alan Landsburg and Rupert Hitzig produced the third film.  Spielberg sent the script to Carl Gottlieb, asking for advice. The characters of Martin's sons from the first two films are developed in this film: Michael Brody (Dennis Quaid) is the chief engineer, and his younger brother Sean (John Putch) arrives at the resort to visit. Derek Winnert says that "with Richard Matheson's name on the script you'd expect a better yarn" although he continues to say that the film "is entirely watchable with a big pack of popcorn.". Directed by Jeannot Szwarc and starring Roy Scheider again as Police Chief Martin Brody, who, after a series of deaths and disappearances, suspects that the culprit is another shark. Spielberg later said that without Williams' score the film would have been only half as successful, and Williams acknowledges that the score jumpstarted his career. The sequels are not held in such high regard. Jaws 3-D grossed $13,422,500 on its opening weekend, playing to 1,311 theaters at its widest release. The third sequel would attract an even lower income, with around two thirds of Jaws 3-D's total lifetime gross. ", Many films based on man-eating animals (usually aquatic) were released throughout the 1970s and the 1980s, such as: Grizzly, Orca, Nightwing, Alligator, Creature, Cruel Jaws, Day of the Animals, Eaten Alive, Up from the Depths, the Mexican Tintorera, the French-Italian Killer Fish and the Japanese Jaws in Japan. For example, if our weekly retail survey estimates that a particular title sold 1% of all units that week, and the industry reports sales of 1,500,000 units in total, we will estimate 15,000 units were sold of that title. To his horror, Brody finds out that his two sons have gone sailing, and he heads out to rescue them. David Brown said that the budget "was $4 million and the picture wound up costing $9 million".  The success of The Godfather Part II and other sequels meant that the producers were under pressure to deliver a bigger and better shark. Williams has composed for many critically acclaimed and popular movies, including Star Wars, Schindler's List, Close Encounters of the Third Kind, Superman, E.T. Products included sets of trading cards from Topps and Baker's bread, paper cups from Coca-Cola, beach towels, a souvenir program, shark tooth necklaces, coloring and activity books, and a model kit of Brody's truck. As he does so, he is attacked and killed by a shark. After spending hours anchoring the sailboats, the wind would change as they were ready to shoot, blowing the sails in the wrong direction. This reception has spread to the merchandise, with video games seen as poor imitations of the original concept. The source also reported that 30 Rock star Tracy Morgan was considered to portray Matt Hooper in the remake, which they say could be more comedic and make more use of special effects.  The film is also known for the introduction of John Williams' famous theme music, which was a simple alternating pattern of the E and F notes of a piano. " The performances of Scheider, Gary, and Hamilton in Jaws 2 were praised. Spielberg described it as a collaboration among John Milius, Howard Sackler, and actor Robert Shaw. 1 Novel 1.1 Jaws 2 Films 2.1 Jaws 2.2 Jaws 2 2.3 Jaws 3-D 2.4 Between 3-D and Revenge 2.5 Jaws: The Revenge 3 Deaths Chrissie Watkins - Devoured by the Shark. Note: This list contains actors who appeared in at least two movies in the franchise. This forced restraint is widely thought to have increased the suspense of these scenes, giving it a Hitchcockian tone. Ellen becomes convinced that a shark is deliberately victimizing her family for the deaths of the first two sharks. '" Greg Garrard observes in Jaws: The Revenge that "the marine biologist Mike Brody's environmentalist concerns are effectively ridiculed as his colleague is eaten by the enraged fish; he joins the hunt for it and the shark in turn hunts him down. Although Gottlieb would go on to pen two of the three sequels, neither Benchley or Spielberg would return to the film series in any capacity. The shark chomps on various people around the park, including FitzRoyce, eventually bursting through the glass in the underwater observation area -- in 3-D! Spielberg also included multiple shots of just the dorsal fin due to its ease of filming. The latter was particularly praised for his work, which many critics considered superior to the film..  Zanuck, Brown and Spielberg removed the novel's adulterous affair between Ellen Brody and Matt Hooper because it would compromise the camaraderie between the men when they went out on the Orca. He has to act alone to save the group of teenagers, including his two sons, who encounter the shark whilst out sailing. Brown heard about it in the fiction department of Cosmopolitan, a lifestyle magazine then edited by his wife, Helen Gurley Brown. Like the first film, shooting on water proved challenging.  Brown says that had they read the book twice they would have never have made the film because of the difficulties in executing some of the sequences. The original film was based on a novel written by Peter Benchley, which itself was inspired by the Jersey Shore shark attacks of 1916. This reception has spread to the merchandise, with video games seen as poor imitations of the original concept. In an era in which documentaries were attempting responsible, accurate reporting about the natural world, ecocriticism says that Hollywood continued to produce films that exploited the fear of animals. Michael (Lance Guest) convinces her to spend some time with his family in The Bahamas. After several attacks, the Police Chief enlists the help of marine biologist Matt Hooper (Richard Dreyfuss) and a professional shark hunter, named Quint (Robert Shaw). , Peter Benchley wrote three drafts of the screenplay before deciding to bow out of the project. The mechanical shark frequently malfunctioned, due to the hydraulic innards being corroded by salt water. John Williams composed and conducted the score for the first two films. It is considered one of the worst movies ever made. Although the first film was popular with critics when it was originally released, the sequels have generally been seen negatively by critics. The shark kills Quint, but Brody manages to destroy it by shooting at the highly pressurized air tank that he has wedged in its mouth. Jaws 2 was the most expensive film that Universal had produced up until that point, costing the studio almost $30 million. The publication date was moved back to allow a carefully orchestrated release. Hell, it pretty much gave birth to the modern film and created what is now known as the summer blockbuster. Location shooting occurred on the island of Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts, chosen because the ocean had a sandy bottom while 12 miles (19 km) out at sea. , Richard D. Zanuck and David Brown, film producers at Universal Pictures, heard about the book at identical times at different locations. However, he says that "we just loved the book. As such, he spent most of his life promoting the cause of ocean conservation. Bantam bought the paperback rights for $575,000. The success of Jaws led to three sequels, and the four films together have earned nearly $800 million worldwide in box office gross. Release Date Title Production Budget Opening Weekend Domestic Box Office Worldwide Jaws is also considered by some to be the last of the great Universal Monsters. David Brown said that the budget "was $4 million and the picture wound up costing $9 million".  The final domestic gross for Jaws 2 was $81,766,007, making it the sixth highest domestic grossing film of 1978. Principal photography moved to Nassau in The Bahamas, but the location did not offer the "perfect world" that the 38-day shoot required.