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Older plants develop beautiful trunks with peeling bark exposing smooth wood below. (Myrtaceae) is a native tree species from Brazil that has been scarcely studied. Telephone: (877) 568-4425 Fax: (951) 780-5110. Troy and H.S. I love this fruit, probably the best Eugenia … Product Description. 2003 DRYING AND STORAGE OF Eugenia involucrata DC. When first planted, they need a complete fertilizer in a 1-1-1 ratio, such as 6-6-6, that also contains magnesium. This led to the investigation that determined that the introduction dated back to seeds known to be 'Cherry of the Rio Grande' but labeled Myciara edulis that were received in the 1930's by William Ott in Whittier, CA. Eugenia involucrata (Cherry of the Rio Grande) - A slow growing evergreen tree native to southern Brazil that in cultivation often grows as a multi-branching, tree or shrub 10 to 25 feet tall with dark green, glossy 2 to 3 inch long leaves. The fruit ripens on the bush 3 weeks after the blossom. Seeds for sale starting at € 14.20. The better selections can be veneer grafted, or reproduced by cuttings, although grafting has a low success rate. Grows on a small or medium sized tree, usually to 10-25ft. seeds viability, by the tetrazolium test, evaluating the applicability of this test in seeds stored for 15 and 30 days. Mr. Ott, whose collection data indicated that the plants came from an area 150 to 200 miles north of Sao Paulo, Brazil, sent seedlings to Dr. H.S. Eugenia cherry of the Rio Grande ( Eugenia involucrata) is a slow growing fruit tree (or bush) which produces dark reddish-purple berries that both resemble and taste like cherries. and Eugenia pyriformis Cambess. This unique tree was moved in July 2009 to make room for an expansion of the society's library. Synonyms: [E. aggregata, Phyllocalyx involucrata]. The flowering season lasts several months, occasionally until May. Plant in full sun and irrigate occasionally with deep watering. Also known as big river cherries, these exotic fruit trees can be container grown and young trees are available online. Eugenia involucrata (Cherry of the Rio Grande) is cold tolerant down to about 20F, as long as exposure is brief, and the tree is mature. Seeds of some species of the family Myrtaceae present recalcitrant behavior. After the tree has matured, a fertilizer such as 8-3-9 with 5% MgO is more appropriate. Start with no more than 1/4 pound at monthly or bi-monthly intervals, increasing the rates commensurate with growth. If iron deficiency in calcareous soils is a problem, this element should be applied as Sequestrene 138, injected or drenched into the soil when needed. This species is generally propagated by seeds. 16310 Porter Avenue Riverside, CA 92504. Do you have additional information or a different experience for this plant that you would like to share? Eugenia involucrata, the Cherry of the Rio Grande, is an evergreen shrub native to Brazil which bears small fruits that are dark red to purple in color and have a sweet cherry-like flavor. Learn how and when to remove this template message, "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species", Cherry of the Rio Grande – Trade Winds Fruit, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eugenia_involucrata&oldid=910441986, Articles lacking in-text citations from October 2010, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 August 2019, at 03:21. to evaluate Eugenia involucrata DC. Research projects dealing with seeds from this family are important in recovery pro-grams for degraded areas, since there are fruit species which restore not only the flora, but also the fauna, by attracting birds and other animals. This is a fruit tree from the subtropics of Brazil. Seeds usually germinate in less than a month, but can take 5 years to produce. Since this plant is known in its native land under the name Eugenia involucrata and the name Eugenia aggregata was used as a synonym for another plant from Madagascar Ralph Sharpe and Wayne Sherman note that the name Eugenia involucrata should take precedence. We investigated the phenolic composition, the antioxidant capacity and the antitumoral activity of ethanolic extracts from fruits (FE) and seeds (SE) of E. involucrata. The flowers are white. It is red to deep purple about 1 inch diameter with a sweet cherry taste. Figure 1 - Germination and vigor results (first count) for Eugenia involucrata diaspores submitted to natural storage, evaluated every 60 days. This was followed in 1959 by legendary tree man Edwin Menniger who noted that the “nomenclature here is very confusing”, and that Eugenia aggregata was a synonym for E. condensate Baker, a tree of Madagascar and not Brazil. Can be container grown. Fall/Winter Hours: Monday - Saturday: 8:30 AM - 5:00 PM. Our plants are from seed off the only known specimen in Santa Barbara, a 25 foot tall tree that had been planted as a seed in the 1950's by Dr. Melville and Geraldine Sahyun, at Dr. Sahyun's pharmaceutical research lab, which is now the location of the Santa Barbara County Genealogical Society offices. as it was described in 1828. seeds" The use of this name comes from a 1958 University of Florida bulletin titled “Miscellaneous Tropical and Subtropical Fruits; Florida Fruits” written by H.Mowry, L.R. Seeds usually germinate in less than a month, but can take 5 years to produce. Eugenia involucrata DC. This species is generally propagated by seeds. In this article it is noted that in Brazil the plant is known as Eugenia involucrata Dc. Wolfe in Florida in 1938 and these fruited and … and the journey into the world of plants doesn't stop here but it … Sunday: In early spring appear showy guava-like flowers with 4 or 5 white petals and many long white stamens. Flowers are followed by attractive 1 inch long dark red to purple fruit that ripens late spring to early summer and is great eaten fresh or in jellies, jams or juices with a flavor similar to that of a cherry. 1-2", dark purple/red fruit with a sweet cherry flavor. The cherry of the Rio Grande has fairly good drought tolerance. Seeds for sale starting at € 14.20. www.tradewindsfruit.com/eugenia-aggregata-cherry-of-the-rio-grande-seeds Drying and storage of E. involucrata seeds 471 Scientia Agricola, v.60, n.3, p.471-475, Jul./Sept. The fruit can also be used for jelly, jam or juice. and guess what ? Looks a bit like the grumichama or surinam cherry, but is quite a bit larger. Mr. Ott, whose collection data indicated that the plants came from an area 150 to 200 miles north of Sao Paulo, Brazil, sent seedlings to Dr. H.S. fruits (cherry) Wolfe that noted that the plant, 'Cherry of the Rio Grande', was introduced from Brazil as Myrciaria edulis Skeels and has been tentatively identified as Eugenia aggregata. The plants should be supplied with adequate water at all times but especially during bloom and fruit development. The 1996 article in the Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society (109:1996) titled “Cherry of the Rio Grande” by Ralph Sharpe and Wayne Sherman of the Department of Horticultural Sciences at the University of Gainesville, Florida sheds some light on this name. This plant has long been called Eugenia aggreagata in the trade but we believe this plant correctly to be Eugenia involucrata. 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