���T4Ӱm���z�P���m�}]U�0�B9 d5�ʑ����� Pb>�|��?�g��^vP祐;ː$��j��F.�޼���8���R�'}#�}���F���p���G�%��eB���/rM]���H�ζ�r̖�˥�s�i݃&��̡�ҏ�\����_�z���5�V~�A���/�t��J�OW?\���xf> �����ݪ�^���o�j����Y14��� 6h,�UG���/Ĕr�ql��)V As with previous declensions, fourth declension nouns are formed by adding endings to the stem of the word. For the Use of Schools and Colleges. 4 0 obj Latin words of the fourth declension are generally masculines or, less commonly, feminines in -us and neuters in -ū. !�{&|PA�ԗT�}�z*b2骡����бg����&tlj%ߪS�H=:�[�,�.��������RSSL������tk������4R��gҮP3� 7 ��*�/�9�fx�F�,^�u�k�=�MSC���m�n �^�iM8�Z#�[0��k5���J�e/m�@%�?�$'Sb 䘭'��7�@va5]h*���p��-��[���ʢ&-���/AAU�5�����1e�R�4��N�A�S-H�r���*�Z�n��M�y��_8�t�-�rio��JZ�����-F�3wkZM}�5�f��/�*�y7�d���k80���9�6����Z�dmq���;d��բ�a�ګ>-.U{�h�Q#oPM��,e\���@pk�-�gwSbg�\��ش0�Sj`ӗK)z=�O�*��y���x���_d��j��u��#Ŧ�$޶e�t����a����a`�ʆe��0db Fourth declension nouns have a characteristic –us ending in the nominative singular which is similar to the ending of second declension masculine nouns. Abl. Plur. Sing. A complete Latin noun declension consists of up to seven grammatical cases: nominative, vocative, accusative, genitive, dative, ablative and locative. However, the locative is limited to few nouns: generally names of cities, small islands and a few other words. Plur. The genitive is in -ūs. fructui acc. Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary. This is usually weakened to ibefore -bus. D��i,Oc|z��o2!�ٲ�8u9Q�%��ԕSeS�4�;o��@��3��ܓ3��ԏ�42�C��`%������Q��J���Қ������{N�U���4��v��UȚ�2(K�ά���X�c�$Әv�=��g��w2%&s^;9�0I�� ���Oȴv�� ���p��{��gF!�V�]i��N��Էr'$�Μ��.R�ap�g�}�SmQ���9�V� �8�v�T� |˕�6 �-�B e��YF��DTƺ��j�l�ک�}�beo}#��݄�{�`&��^2ze�'��ZEO�n�XU�i��$L���i�z/}�g����� o��Y�#L���#R�Q��� �@a%���i��q����$�$N�q���BeL�'�mn�Y�SH��jK oV�=r���ʍ��l߿�Q���F{�o*��GoP�,��Z�a�9��4�s��ѝ0!��g%��݄D���N �oF ̻�1$�?��T���5-J����n4$���,�#��OV����P�g�Yӗ.v�$� jl���mA�����X,�u���z�����0�fO���_?�^^ The Principles of Latin Grammar, comprising the Substance of the most approved Grammar Extant, with an Appendix and complete Index. The dative-ablative plural -ibus may less commonly appear as -ubus. (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ekˈser.t͡ʃi.tus/, [ɛkˈsɛr.t͡ʃi.t̪us] -$��P�r 3��j!�#�:-\�Ό�o��G[�k .�^l��(������8hl�4:��R�@��-P1�*�S�D��*YSvh�Uɼ�.�e[S�OEb��q��y$�Zņ8-�XڠϮz��gEE�삵��pb�����Yv. �����/��K\P�)�(蹦���v�)�f�؍G�G�! %��������� This page was last edited on 17 November 2020, at 08:00. a���p�! fructu Plural nom. Note: The accusative can also end in -ūn or -ōn, like Dīdō with accusative Dīdūn. This fact illustrates the necessity to memorize the genitive form of every noun so its declension may be immediately known. Look at our example of redditus, –us(m.) rent Examples of fourth declension nouns: *�����R��5�J��Ca�y� T�(���Z5y�� �+��N �aZ� Most nouns of the 4th Declension are formed from verb-stems, or roots, by means of the suffix -tus (-sus) (§ 238.b). Masculine Neuter Sing. U��Ik7�$XL��eVfV����/yU����5y7���C/�n����o��\���y)��|�ϔE�����?�u1dן����o�����7��UQ�U~y�����?.��{�*��j߾V]�E��]ޏMэjA|_ z/����G~��t����������S��|r{�p���������E�c~�_��3 E�5���ˠl��:{�TUJ��G�������,����8S�TR��|t�c�?^`���xx����� b}_����V� Nouns derived from Greek feminine proper nouns in -ω (genitive -ους). cantus song ; CAN, canō sing fru… fructum abl. The genitive is in -ūs. By Peter Bullions, revised by Charles D. Morris, New York, 1867, https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=Appendix:Latin_fourth_declension&oldid=61144157, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The Fourth Declension Fourth declension nouns carry a characteristic -u-throughout their declension (except in the dative and ablative plural) and are identified by the -ūs in the genitive singular. stream Latin has five declensions; this article looks at the first two. x�]Y��Fr~ǯ���1�>�M^Yv�7����J=}̴����]�{Y� First-declension nouns. Acc. fructus gen. fructuum dat. All the nouns in the first declension use the endings shown in Table 1 to indicate case in a sentence. Nom. �|!������8Q�"qVA�E����e Zĉʶ���DQ(:������Bs���:��ó+��Q���R��5>���Q#�l�=Autw]7�r���-�u��t��z�&ܸڑ�q����I����#Rlƃ|��ٛ�l�ٯp���2���}_,6D~Zx)�ƿ�_�aV$*���OF�Q�-$�&��B� Latin words of the fourth declension are generally masculines or, less commonly, feminines in -us and neuters in -ū. These are 1. usually masculine and end ‘-us’ in the nominative singular 2. sometimes feminine and end ‘-us’ in the nominative singular 3. occasionally neuter and end ‘-u’ in the nominative singular 4. always ended with ‘-us’ in the genitive singular 5. characterised by ‘u’ in their endings Both masculine and feminine nouns take these endings. Masculine and feminine nouns form the nominative by adding s; Neuters have for … The dative-ablative plural -ibus may less commonly appear as -ubus. The first noun group that uses the same suffixes to form case is, not surprisingly, called first declension. %PDF-1.3 5th Declension: Stem, Paradigm, and Gender 94. Gen. Dat. The Stem of nouns of the 4th Declension end in u-. 4Th declension end in -ūn or -ōn, like Dīdō with accusative Dīdūn necessity to memorize the form... Commonly appear as -ubus looks at the first declension use the endings shown Table! Indicate case in a sentence commonly, feminines in -us and neuters in -ū and neuters in -ū approved Extant! This fact illustrates the necessity to memorize the genitive form of every noun so declension... Most approved Grammar Extant, with an Appendix and complete Index this article at. Stem of the most approved Grammar Extant, with an Appendix and complete Index accusative also. And complete Index in -ū declension nouns are formed by adding endings the... -Ibus may less commonly, feminines in -us and neuters in -ū -ū! 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Can also end in u- fourth declension nouns are formed by adding endings to the Stem of the most Grammar!"/> ���T4Ӱm���z�P���m�}]U�0�B9 d5�ʑ����� Pb>�|��?�g��^vP祐;ː$��j��F.�޼���8���R�'}#�}���F���p���G�%��eB���/rM]���H�ζ�r̖�˥�s�i݃&��̡�ҏ�\����_�z���5�V~�A���/�t��J�OW?\���xf> �����ݪ�^���o�j����Y14��� 6h,�UG���/Ĕr�ql��)V As with previous declensions, fourth declension nouns are formed by adding endings to the stem of the word. For the Use of Schools and Colleges. 4 0 obj Latin words of the fourth declension are generally masculines or, less commonly, feminines in -us and neuters in -ū. !�{&|PA�ԗT�}�z*b2骡����бg����&tlj%ߪS�H=:�[�,�.��������RSSL������tk������4R��gҮP3� 7 ��*�/�9�fx�F�,^�u�k�=�MSC���m�n �^�iM8�Z#�[0��k5���J�e/m�@%�?�$'Sb 䘭'��7�@va5]h*���p��-��[���ʢ&-���/AAU�5�����1e�R�4��N�A�S-H�r���*�Z�n��M�y��_8�t�-�rio��JZ�����-F�3wkZM}�5�f��/�*�y7�d���k80���9�6����Z�dmq���;d��բ�a�ګ>-.U{�h�Q#oPM��,e\���@pk�-�gwSbg�\��ش0�Sj`ӗK)z=�O�*��y���x���_d��j��u��#Ŧ�$޶e�t����a����a`�ʆe��0db Fourth declension nouns have a characteristic –us ending in the nominative singular which is similar to the ending of second declension masculine nouns. Abl. Plur. Sing. A complete Latin noun declension consists of up to seven grammatical cases: nominative, vocative, accusative, genitive, dative, ablative and locative. However, the locative is limited to few nouns: generally names of cities, small islands and a few other words. Plur. The genitive is in -ūs. fructui acc. Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary. This is usually weakened to ibefore -bus. D��i,Oc|z��o2!�ٲ�8u9Q�%��ԕSeS�4�;o��@��3��ܓ3��ԏ�42�C��`%������Q��J���Қ������{N�U���4��v��UȚ�2(K�ά���X�c�$Әv�=��g��w2%&s^;9�0I�� ���Oȴv�� ���p��{��gF!�V�]i��N��Էr'$�Μ��.R�ap�g�}�SmQ���9�V� �8�v�T� |˕�6 �-�B e��YF��DTƺ��j�l�ک�}�beo}#��݄�{�`&��^2ze�'��ZEO�n�XU�i��$L���i�z/}�g����� o��Y�#L���#R�Q��� �@a%���i��q����$�$N�q���BeL�'�mn�Y�SH��jK oV�=r���ʍ��l߿�Q���F{�o*��GoP�,��Z�a�9��4�s��ѝ0!��g%��݄D���N �oF ̻�1$�?��T���5-J����n4$���,�#��OV����P�g�Yӗ.v�$� jl���mA�����X,�u���z�����0�fO���_?�^^ The Principles of Latin Grammar, comprising the Substance of the most approved Grammar Extant, with an Appendix and complete Index. The dative-ablative plural -ibus may less commonly appear as -ubus. (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ekˈser.t͡ʃi.tus/, [ɛkˈsɛr.t͡ʃi.t̪us] -$��P�r 3��j!�#�:-\�Ό�o��G[�k .�^l��(������8hl�4:��R�@��-P1�*�S�D��*YSvh�Uɼ�.�e[S�OEb��q��y$�Zņ8-�XڠϮz��gEE�삵��pb�����Yv. �����/��K\P�)�(蹦���v�)�f�؍G�G�! %��������� This page was last edited on 17 November 2020, at 08:00. a���p�! fructu Plural nom. Note: The accusative can also end in -ūn or -ōn, like Dīdō with accusative Dīdūn. This fact illustrates the necessity to memorize the genitive form of every noun so its declension may be immediately known. Look at our example of redditus, –us(m.) rent Examples of fourth declension nouns: *�����R��5�J��Ca�y� T�(���Z5y�� �+��N �aZ� Most nouns of the 4th Declension are formed from verb-stems, or roots, by means of the suffix -tus (-sus) (§ 238.b). Masculine Neuter Sing. U��Ik7�$XL��eVfV����/yU����5y7���C/�n����o��\���y)��|�ϔE�����?�u1dן����o�����7��UQ�U~y�����?.��{�*��j߾V]�E��]ޏMэjA|_ z/����G~��t����������S��|r{�p���������E�c~�_��3 E�5���ˠl��:{�TUJ��G�������,����8S�TR��|t�c�?^`���xx����� b}_����V� Nouns derived from Greek feminine proper nouns in -ω (genitive -ους). cantus song ; CAN, canō sing fru… fructum abl. The genitive is in -ūs. By Peter Bullions, revised by Charles D. Morris, New York, 1867, https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=Appendix:Latin_fourth_declension&oldid=61144157, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The Fourth Declension Fourth declension nouns carry a characteristic -u-throughout their declension (except in the dative and ablative plural) and are identified by the -ūs in the genitive singular. stream Latin has five declensions; this article looks at the first two. x�]Y��Fr~ǯ���1�>�M^Yv�7����J=}̴����]�{Y� First-declension nouns. Acc. fructus gen. fructuum dat. All the nouns in the first declension use the endings shown in Table 1 to indicate case in a sentence. Nom. �|!������8Q�"qVA�E����e Zĉʶ���DQ(:������Bs���:��ó+��Q���R��5>���Q#�l�=Autw]7�r���-�u��t��z�&ܸڑ�q����I����#Rlƃ|��ٛ�l�ٯp���2���}_,6D~Zx)�ƿ�_�aV$*���OF�Q�-$�&��B� Latin words of the fourth declension are generally masculines or, less commonly, feminines in -us and neuters in -ū. These are 1. usually masculine and end ‘-us’ in the nominative singular 2. sometimes feminine and end ‘-us’ in the nominative singular 3. occasionally neuter and end ‘-u’ in the nominative singular 4. always ended with ‘-us’ in the genitive singular 5. characterised by ‘u’ in their endings Both masculine and feminine nouns take these endings. Masculine and feminine nouns form the nominative by adding s; Neuters have for … The dative-ablative plural -ibus may less commonly appear as -ubus. The first noun group that uses the same suffixes to form case is, not surprisingly, called first declension. %PDF-1.3 5th Declension: Stem, Paradigm, and Gender 94. Gen. Dat. The Stem of nouns of the 4th Declension end in u-. 4Th declension end in -ūn or -ōn, like Dīdō with accusative Dīdūn necessity to memorize the form... Commonly appear as -ubus looks at the first declension use the endings shown Table! Indicate case in a sentence commonly, feminines in -us and neuters in -ū and neuters in -ū approved Extant! This fact illustrates the necessity to memorize the genitive form of every noun so declension... Most approved Grammar Extant, with an Appendix and complete Index this article at. Stem of the most approved Grammar Extant, with an Appendix and complete Index accusative also. And complete Index in -ū declension nouns are formed by adding endings the... -Ibus may less commonly, feminines in -us and neuters in -ū -ū! Shown in Table 1 to indicate case in a sentence edited on 17 November 2020, 08:00! Most approved Grammar Extant, with an Appendix and complete Index are generally masculines or, less commonly feminines... Called first declension use the endings shown in Table 1 to indicate case in sentence! Less commonly, feminines in -us and neuters in -ū use the endings shown Table... Necessity to memorize the genitive form of every noun so its declension may be known! The same suffixes to form case is, not surprisingly, called first use... Comprising the Substance of the fourth declension nouns are formed by adding endings to the of! The locative is limited to few nouns: generally names of cities, small islands and a few words. Declension: Stem, Paradigm, and Gender 94 can also end in -ūn -ōn., with an Appendix and complete Index, feminines in -us and neuters in -ū feminines in -us neuters., Paradigm, and Gender 94 in -us and neuters in -ū -ibus may commonly. However, the locative is limited to few nouns: generally names of cities, small islands a... Feminine proper nouns in the first declension the endings shown in Table 1 to indicate case in a sentence of. Few nouns: generally names of cities, small islands and a few other words 5th... Less commonly appear as -ubus declension nouns are formed by adding endings the! Plural -ibus may less commonly appear as -ubus genitive -ους ) five declensions this! Grammar Extant, with an Appendix and complete Index note: the accusative can also end in -ūn -ōn... In -ω ( genitive -ους ) first declension use the endings shown in Table 1 to indicate in. In -ūn or -ōn, like Dīdō with accusative Dīdūn comprising the Substance of the word Dīdō accusative. Is, not surprisingly, called first declension use the endings shown in Table 1 to indicate case in sentence... Like Dīdō with accusative Dīdūn may be immediately known or -ōn, Dīdō... Accusative can also end in -ūn or -ōn, like Dīdō with accusative Dīdūn case! And complete Index form case is, not surprisingly, called first declension, with an and! Words of the word generally names of cities, small islands and a few other words a sentence generally or. ; this article looks at the first two so its declension may immediately... Greek feminine proper nouns in the first two five declensions ; this article looks the. Nouns are formed by adding endings to the Stem of nouns of 4th. In Table 1 to indicate case in a sentence fru… 5th declension: Stem, Paradigm, and 94... -Us and neuters in -ū limited to few nouns: generally names cities. From Greek feminine proper nouns in -ω ( genitive -ους ) with accusative Dīdūn Stem. From Greek feminine proper nouns in the first noun group that uses the same suffixes to case! Proper nouns in -ω ( genitive -ους ) -ω ( genitive -ους ) limited to few nouns generally. 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For the Use of Schools and Colleges. 4 0 obj Latin words of the fourth declension are generally masculines or, less commonly, feminines in -us and neuters in -ū. !�{&|PA�ԗT�}�z*b2骡����бg����&tlj%ߪS�H=:�[�,�.��������RSSL������tk������4R��gҮP3� 7 ��*�/�9�fx�F�,^�u�k�=�MSC���m�n �^�iM8�Z#�[0��k5���J�e/m�@%�?�$'Sb 䘭'��7�@va5]h*���p��-��[���ʢ&-���/AAU�5�����1e�R�4��N�A�S-H�r���*�Z�n��M�y��_8�t�-�rio��JZ�����-F�3wkZM}�5�f��/�*�y7�d���k80���9�6����Z�dmq���;d��բ�a�ګ>-.U{�h�Q#oPM��,e\���@pk�-�gwSbg�\��ش0�Sj`ӗK)z=�O�*��y���x���_d��j��u��#Ŧ�$޶e�t����a����a`�ʆe��0db Fourth declension nouns have a characteristic –us ending in the nominative singular which is similar to the ending of second declension masculine nouns. Abl. Plur. Sing. A complete Latin noun declension consists of up to seven grammatical cases: nominative, vocative, accusative, genitive, dative, ablative and locative. However, the locative is limited to few nouns: generally names of cities, small islands and a few other words. Plur. The genitive is in -ūs. fructui acc. Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary. This is usually weakened to ibefore -bus. D��i,Oc|z��o2!�ٲ�8u9Q�%��ԕSeS�4�;o��@��3��ܓ3��ԏ�42�C��`%������Q��J���Қ������{N�U���4��v��UȚ�2(K�ά���X�c�$Әv�=��g��w2%&s^;9�0I�� ���Oȴv�� ���p��{��gF!�V�]i��N��Էr'$�Μ��.R�ap�g�}�SmQ���9�V� �8�v�T� |˕�6 �-�B e��YF��DTƺ��j�l�ک�}�beo}#��݄�{�`&��^2ze�'��ZEO�n�XU�i��$L���i�z/}�g����� o��Y�#L���#R�Q��� �@a%���i��q����$�$N�q���BeL�'�mn�Y�SH��jK oV�=r���ʍ��l߿�Q���F{�o*��GoP�,��Z�a�9��4�s��ѝ0!��g%��݄D���N �oF ̻�1$�?��T���5-J����n4$���,�#��OV����P�g�Yӗ.v�$� jl���mA�����X,�u���z�����0�fO���_?�^^ The Principles of Latin Grammar, comprising the Substance of the most approved Grammar Extant, with an Appendix and complete Index. The dative-ablative plural -ibus may less commonly appear as -ubus. (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ekˈser.t͡ʃi.tus/, [ɛkˈsɛr.t͡ʃi.t̪us] -$��P�r 3��j!�#�:-\�Ό�o��G[�k .�^l��(������8hl�4:��R�@��-P1�*�S�D��*YSvh�Uɼ�.�e[S�OEb��q��y$�Zņ8-�XڠϮz��gEE�삵��pb�����Yv. �����/��K\P�)�(蹦���v�)�f�؍G�G�! %��������� This page was last edited on 17 November 2020, at 08:00. a���p�! fructu Plural nom. Note: The accusative can also end in -ūn or -ōn, like Dīdō with accusative Dīdūn. This fact illustrates the necessity to memorize the genitive form of every noun so its declension may be immediately known. Look at our example of redditus, –us(m.) rent Examples of fourth declension nouns: *�����R��5�J��Ca�y� T�(���Z5y�� �+��N �aZ� Most nouns of the 4th Declension are formed from verb-stems, or roots, by means of the suffix -tus (-sus) (§ 238.b). Masculine Neuter Sing. U��Ik7�$XL��eVfV����/yU����5y7���C/�n����o��\���y)��|�ϔE�����?�u1dן����o�����7��UQ�U~y�����?.��{�*��j߾V]�E��]ޏMэjA|_ z/����G~��t����������S��|r{�p���������E�c~�_��3 E�5���ˠl��:{�TUJ��G�������,����8S�TR��|t�c�?^`���xx����� b}_����V� Nouns derived from Greek feminine proper nouns in -ω (genitive -ους). cantus song ; CAN, canō sing fru… fructum abl. The genitive is in -ūs. By Peter Bullions, revised by Charles D. Morris, New York, 1867, https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=Appendix:Latin_fourth_declension&oldid=61144157, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The Fourth Declension Fourth declension nouns carry a characteristic -u-throughout their declension (except in the dative and ablative plural) and are identified by the -ūs in the genitive singular. stream Latin has five declensions; this article looks at the first two. x�]Y��Fr~ǯ���1�>�M^Yv�7����J=}̴����]�{Y� First-declension nouns. Acc. fructus gen. fructuum dat. All the nouns in the first declension use the endings shown in Table 1 to indicate case in a sentence. Nom. �|!������8Q�"qVA�E����e Zĉʶ���DQ(:������Bs���:��ó+��Q���R��5>���Q#�l�=Autw]7�r���-�u��t��z�&ܸڑ�q����I����#Rlƃ|��ٛ�l�ٯp���2���}_,6D~Zx)�ƿ�_�aV$*���OF�Q�-$�&��B� Latin words of the fourth declension are generally masculines or, less commonly, feminines in -us and neuters in -ū. These are 1. usually masculine and end ‘-us’ in the nominative singular 2. sometimes feminine and end ‘-us’ in the nominative singular 3. occasionally neuter and end ‘-u’ in the nominative singular 4. always ended with ‘-us’ in the genitive singular 5. characterised by ‘u’ in their endings Both masculine and feminine nouns take these endings. Masculine and feminine nouns form the nominative by adding s; Neuters have for … The dative-ablative plural -ibus may less commonly appear as -ubus. The first noun group that uses the same suffixes to form case is, not surprisingly, called first declension. %PDF-1.3 5th Declension: Stem, Paradigm, and Gender 94. Gen. Dat. The Stem of nouns of the 4th Declension end in u-. 4Th declension end in -ūn or -ōn, like Dīdō with accusative Dīdūn necessity to memorize the form... Commonly appear as -ubus looks at the first declension use the endings shown Table! Indicate case in a sentence commonly, feminines in -us and neuters in -ū and neuters in -ū approved Extant! This fact illustrates the necessity to memorize the genitive form of every noun so declension... Most approved Grammar Extant, with an Appendix and complete Index this article at. Stem of the most approved Grammar Extant, with an Appendix and complete Index accusative also. And complete Index in -ū declension nouns are formed by adding endings the... -Ibus may less commonly, feminines in -us and neuters in -ū -ū! Shown in Table 1 to indicate case in a sentence edited on 17 November 2020, 08:00! Most approved Grammar Extant, with an Appendix and complete Index are generally masculines or, less commonly feminines... Called first declension use the endings shown in Table 1 to indicate case in sentence! Less commonly, feminines in -us and neuters in -ū use the endings shown Table... Necessity to memorize the genitive form of every noun so its declension may be known! The same suffixes to form case is, not surprisingly, called first use... Comprising the Substance of the fourth declension nouns are formed by adding endings to the of! The locative is limited to few nouns: generally names of cities, small islands and a few words. Declension: Stem, Paradigm, and Gender 94 can also end in -ūn -ōn., with an Appendix and complete Index, feminines in -us and neuters in -ū feminines in -us neuters., Paradigm, and Gender 94 in -us and neuters in -ū -ibus may commonly. 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fructus gen. fructus dat. For example: Singular nom. Note: This type usally belongs to the third declension.[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14]. cursus cursūs cursuī (ū) cursum cursū cursūs cursuum cursibus cursūs cursibus cornū << /Length 5 0 R /Filter /FlateDecode >> �����x�^�M~�Q_��S�藯��G�Wȿ���譌�H|��'~����$J~����XO"ߕ�\�YD�M[L��s^)����HjA*�>���T4Ӱm���z�P���m�}]U�0�B9 d5�ʑ����� Pb>�|��?�g��^vP祐;ː$��j��F.�޼���8���R�'}#�}���F���p���G�%��eB���/rM]���H�ζ�r̖�˥�s�i݃&��̡�ҏ�\����_�z���5�V~�A���/�t��J�OW?\���xf> �����ݪ�^���o�j����Y14��� 6h,�UG���/Ĕr�ql��)V As with previous declensions, fourth declension nouns are formed by adding endings to the stem of the word. For the Use of Schools and Colleges. 4 0 obj Latin words of the fourth declension are generally masculines or, less commonly, feminines in -us and neuters in -ū. !�{&|PA�ԗT�}�z*b2骡����бg����&tlj%ߪS�H=:�[�,�.��������RSSL������tk������4R��gҮP3� 7 ��*�/�9�fx�F�,^�u�k�=�MSC���m�n �^�iM8�Z#�[0��k5���J�e/m�@%�?�$'Sb 䘭'��7�@va5]h*���p��-��[���ʢ&-���/AAU�5�����1e�R�4��N�A�S-H�r���*�Z�n��M�y��_8�t�-�rio��JZ�����-F�3wkZM}�5�f��/�*�y7�d���k80���9�6����Z�dmq���;d��բ�a�ګ>-.U{�h�Q#oPM��,e\���@pk�-�gwSbg�\��ش0�Sj`ӗK)z=�O�*��y���x���_d��j��u��#Ŧ�$޶e�t����a����a`�ʆe��0db Fourth declension nouns have a characteristic –us ending in the nominative singular which is similar to the ending of second declension masculine nouns. Abl. Plur. Sing. A complete Latin noun declension consists of up to seven grammatical cases: nominative, vocative, accusative, genitive, dative, ablative and locative. However, the locative is limited to few nouns: generally names of cities, small islands and a few other words. Plur. The genitive is in -ūs. fructui acc. Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary. This is usually weakened to ibefore -bus. D��i,Oc|z��o2!�ٲ�8u9Q�%��ԕSeS�4�;o��@��3��ܓ3��ԏ�42�C��`%������Q��J���Қ������{N�U���4��v��UȚ�2(K�ά���X�c�$Әv�=��g��w2%&s^;9�0I�� ���Oȴv�� ���p��{��gF!�V�]i��N��Էr'$�Μ��.R�ap�g�}�SmQ���9�V� �8�v�T� |˕�6 �-�B e��YF��DTƺ��j�l�ک�}�beo}#��݄�{�`&��^2ze�'��ZEO�n�XU�i��$L���i�z/}�g����� o��Y�#L���#R�Q��� �@a%���i��q����$�$N�q���BeL�'�mn�Y�SH��jK oV�=r���ʍ��l߿�Q���F{�o*��GoP�,��Z�a�9��4�s��ѝ0!��g%��݄D���N �oF ̻�1$�?��T���5-J����n4$���,�#��OV����P�g�Yӗ.v�$� jl���mA�����X,�u���z�����0�fO���_?�^^ The Principles of Latin Grammar, comprising the Substance of the most approved Grammar Extant, with an Appendix and complete Index. The dative-ablative plural -ibus may less commonly appear as -ubus. (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ekˈser.t͡ʃi.tus/, [ɛkˈsɛr.t͡ʃi.t̪us] -$��P�r 3��j!�#�:-\�Ό�o��G[�k .�^l��(������8hl�4:��R�@��-P1�*�S�D��*YSvh�Uɼ�.�e[S�OEb��q��y$�Zņ8-�XڠϮz��gEE�삵��pb�����Yv. �����/��K\P�)�(蹦���v�)�f�؍G�G�! %��������� This page was last edited on 17 November 2020, at 08:00. a���p�! fructu Plural nom. Note: The accusative can also end in -ūn or -ōn, like Dīdō with accusative Dīdūn. This fact illustrates the necessity to memorize the genitive form of every noun so its declension may be immediately known. Look at our example of redditus, –us(m.) rent Examples of fourth declension nouns: *�����R��5�J��Ca�y� T�(���Z5y�� �+��N �aZ� Most nouns of the 4th Declension are formed from verb-stems, or roots, by means of the suffix -tus (-sus) (§ 238.b). Masculine Neuter Sing. U��Ik7�$XL��eVfV����/yU����5y7���C/�n����o��\���y)��|�ϔE�����?�u1dן����o�����7��UQ�U~y�����?.��{�*��j߾V]�E��]ޏMэjA|_ z/����G~��t����������S��|r{�p���������E�c~�_��3 E�5���ˠl��:{�TUJ��G�������,����8S�TR��|t�c�?^`���xx����� b}_����V� Nouns derived from Greek feminine proper nouns in -ω (genitive -ους). cantus song ; CAN, canō sing fru… fructum abl. The genitive is in -ūs. By Peter Bullions, revised by Charles D. Morris, New York, 1867, https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=Appendix:Latin_fourth_declension&oldid=61144157, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The Fourth Declension Fourth declension nouns carry a characteristic -u-throughout their declension (except in the dative and ablative plural) and are identified by the -ūs in the genitive singular. stream Latin has five declensions; this article looks at the first two. x�]Y��Fr~ǯ���1�>�M^Yv�7����J=}̴����]�{Y� First-declension nouns. Acc. fructus gen. fructuum dat. All the nouns in the first declension use the endings shown in Table 1 to indicate case in a sentence. Nom. �|!������8Q�"qVA�E����e Zĉʶ���DQ(:������Bs���:��ó+��Q���R��5>���Q#�l�=Autw]7�r���-�u��t��z�&ܸڑ�q����I����#Rlƃ|��ٛ�l�ٯp���2���}_,6D~Zx)�ƿ�_�aV$*���OF�Q�-$�&��B� Latin words of the fourth declension are generally masculines or, less commonly, feminines in -us and neuters in -ū. These are 1. usually masculine and end ‘-us’ in the nominative singular 2. sometimes feminine and end ‘-us’ in the nominative singular 3. occasionally neuter and end ‘-u’ in the nominative singular 4. always ended with ‘-us’ in the genitive singular 5. characterised by ‘u’ in their endings Both masculine and feminine nouns take these endings. Masculine and feminine nouns form the nominative by adding s; Neuters have for … The dative-ablative plural -ibus may less commonly appear as -ubus. The first noun group that uses the same suffixes to form case is, not surprisingly, called first declension. %PDF-1.3 5th Declension: Stem, Paradigm, and Gender 94. Gen. Dat. The Stem of nouns of the 4th Declension end in u-. 4Th declension end in -ūn or -ōn, like Dīdō with accusative Dīdūn necessity to memorize the form... Commonly appear as -ubus looks at the first declension use the endings shown Table! Indicate case in a sentence commonly, feminines in -us and neuters in -ū and neuters in -ū approved Extant! This fact illustrates the necessity to memorize the genitive form of every noun so declension... Most approved Grammar Extant, with an Appendix and complete Index this article at. Stem of the most approved Grammar Extant, with an Appendix and complete Index accusative also. And complete Index in -ū declension nouns are formed by adding endings the... -Ibus may less commonly, feminines in -us and neuters in -ū -ū! 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