Meanwhile, Struensee had started his reforms to bring Denmark into the 20th century. Queen of Denmark and wife of the mad and profligate monarch Christian VII, who formed a romantic and political liaison with the brilliant statesman Count Johann Friedrich von Struensee. He was shown her forged signature whereupon he, too, signed. Join Facebook to connect with Caroline Matilda and others you may know. 241-53; Wittich notices that while her advocate Uldall here represents her as asserting her innocence the crime is admitted in his defence of Struensee. Her mother was Princess Helena of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, daughter of Friedrich Ferdinand, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg and Princess Karoline Mathilde of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg.. She learned languages—German, English, and French—easily, and she sang beautifully. She looked to Struensee, who calmly announced that the crown prince had to be inoculated, a practice that was novel in Danish court circles and relatively untried elsewhere as well. 73-88 for details). Christian's show of sanity, he explained, was only temporary. A marriage was arranged for Caroline Matilda with her first cousin, King Christian VII of Denmark, the son of Frederick V of Denmark and Princess Louisa of Great Britain and Hanover, who was a daughter of King George II. While the king encouraged an intimacy which kept the queen amused, Struensee seems to have exerted himself to bring about a better understanding between the royal pair, and by his efforts to have gained the approval of both. This page was last changed on 17 October 2020, at 17:32. The latter promise, at all events, was substantially kept. Struensee, and Louise Augusta, to whom she gave birth in 1771, was most likely his daughter. Born Juliana Mary on September 4, 1729, in Wolfenbuttel, Germany; daughter of Ferdinand, duke of Brunswick; died on October 10, 1796, in Fredensborg, Denmark; became second wife of Frederick V, king of Denmark and Norway (r. 1746–1766), on July 8, 1752; children: Frederic (1753–1805, who married Sophia of Mecklenburg [1758–1794]); stepmother of Christian VII, king of Denmark and Norway (r. 1766–1808). At Celle itself her life seems to have been a quiet one, though she received visitors, among them her sister, the Hereditary Princess Augusta of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, who, according to Wraxall, was set to watch her conduct by George III (Posthumous Memoirs, i. Struensee was in the queen's company, and the princess found no opportunity of doing more than requesting Woodford, the British minister to the Lower Saxon Circle, to make representations to the queen concerning her conduct; nor was the Duke of Gloucester, who shortly afterwards paid a visit to Copenhagen on the same errand, more successful (Reverdil, 159-60). Wittich, 122). If I were a widow, I would marry the man I loved and give up my throne and my country. It would be Caroline Matilda's fate to demonstrate that when women of royalty are no longer willing to sacrifice them selves to uphold a throne, a kingdom is placed in present or permanent peril. Capital sentences on Struensee and Brandt followed shortly afterwards, and were carried out 28 April. In Celle, she was reunited with her friend and lady-in-waiting Louise von Plessen and became known for her charity toward poor children and orphans. The interrogatory of Struensee began 20 Feb., but it was not till the third day of his examination that, under pressure, he confessed to criminal familiarity with the queen; afterwards he sought to throw the blame as much as possible on her.