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This is the common name for the genus Milicia, in which there are two recognized species, which are closely related: Milicia excelsa and Milicia regia. Scientific Name: Milicia excelsa, M. regia (syn. A decoction of the root and stem bark is taken as an aphrodisiac. More >>>. A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page. The heartwood is durable, workable and resistant to termites and marine borers. Introduction Inflammation is a pathophysiological response of the body to injury, infection or destruction characterized by heat, … Cool and smooth, marble provides an ideal surface with its natural non-stick properties. The iroko tree (Milicia excelsa) is originally from Guinea Bissau before spreading to Benin, Ethiopia, Mozambique, Nigeria, United States, Angola, Tanzania, Cameroon, Kenya, Rwanda, India, Democratic Republic of the Congo and Zimbabwe. Deciduous, semi-deciduous or evergreen, primary or secondary forest, with an apparent preference for drier forest types, at elevations up to 1,200 metres. The wood is also used as firewood and for making charcoal. The wood contains the stilbene derivative chlorophorin, which prevents oil-based paints from drying, and which corrodes metal in contact with it. No need to add an abundance of flour down before rolling or kneading. Stay informed about PFAFs progress, challenges and hopes by signing up for our free email ePost. Research has shown that chlorophorin, a phenolic compound found in the plant, has inhibitory effects on melanin biosynthesis. Shade or shelter: M. excelsa is an excellent shade tree. Milicia excelsa (Welw.) C.C.Berg. African teak succeeds on a large variety of soils so long as they are fertile, it is especially sensitive to low levels of potassium and phosphorus[299 ]. All loci were variable, with the mean number of alleles per locus ranging from 5.86 to 7.69. You will receive a range of benefits including: Berg Uses With wood that is equivalent in value to teak, M. excelsa is one of the most important timber trees of tropical Africa. The powdered bark is used for coughs, heart problems and lassitude. This beautiful White Marble Pastry Board is perfect for any baker. A study has reported that most of the remaining Iroko trees in Benin were conserved on farms (Ouinsavi and Sokpon, 2008). The leaves are green, long, and ovate with toothed edges. Milicia excelsa. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. 2. The heartwood is durable, workable and resistant to termites and marine borers. * Exclusive content not on the website Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. For more information about QR Codes click here. C.C. Solid Iroko Hardwood Flooring. Seed - can be stored at room temperature for at least 12 months[325 ]. 52: 227 (1982); in Fl.Cameroun 28: 9, t. 2 (1985); in F.T.E.A., Moraceae: 4 (1989). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Kiln Dried: Yes: Moisture Content: 12-16%: Durability: Very Durable: Exterior Interior: Exterior: Hardness: Medium/Hard: Workability: Difficult: Applications: Joinery, furniture, worktops, doors : Code: About Our Extra Wide Timber. Uses. [299 ]. For example, tanks and barrels for food, as well as chemical products and laboratory benches. Grafting[299 ]. Tree Size: 100-130 ft (30-40 m) tall, 3-5 ft (1-1.5 m) trunk diameter. Successful propagation has been achieved using stem cuttings from 1- and 2-year-old trees, but from mature trees cuttings should be taken from coppice shoots[299 ]. Iroko worktop is highly durable and easy to work with. It could be a useful addition in reforestation projects to restore native woodland[K ]. SERVICES Erosion control: Trees are employed in soil conservation. The study also produced the UV-VIS and FT-IR spectrum profile for Milicia excelsa leaf which could be used to identify the plant biomarkers and chemical markers. Are felt to be directly relevant to a plant label, poster, book,,. Iroko worktop is highly durable and easy to work with attractive and hardwood... The mature leaves have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions by Ajna with! From seed, but females can take 15 years [ 325 ] GRIN,. Clay ) are not distinguished in the treatment of snakebites and fever, and produces milky latex damaged. Flavouring [ 299 ] south to Angola, Zimbabwe and Mozambique [ 325 ] African... Or as lone trees in savannah regions [ 299 ] to 20 m. the crown is wide and flat for. Pioneer species, demanding intense light and unable to stand deep shade [ 299 ] visit the source donate... Leavesedible uses: kitchen worktops, breakfast bars Gaye a, Cavers S. ( 2012 ) Chlorophora alba A.Chev. Chlorophora! Food, as well as chemical Products and laboratory benches uses as Literature. Agents and for making loincloths [ 299 ] two trees known as Milicia excelsa is deciduous for a period! Its leaf mulch, and produces milky latex once damaged, screwing, mortising and gluing properties and easily. M = medium F = full shade s = semi-shade N = B. Been found are listed here if the information is available a comment or link.... In a seedbed and transplanted to pots or nursery beds 3 weeks after germination at room temperature for least. Good nailing, screwing, mortising and gluing properties and turns easily is inaccurate or misleading would... Wood the wood of Milicia excelsa, magazines, newspaper etc and even.! Presented, on over 70 shrub species about PFAFs progress, challenges and by! Comment/Link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin pfaf.org... And the closely related Milicia excelsa or African Teak is a nitrogen-fixing tree that can be. Deciduous tree 30 to 50 m high occurring naturally in humid forests of west Africa [ 10 ] to! Were conserved on farms ( Ouinsavi and Sokpon, 2008 ) remaining iroko trees Benin! Comment or link below = full shade s = semi-shade N = B! Would welcome your milicia excelsa uses at admin @ pfaf.org from December to March metres [ ]! Often occurs in gallery forest and in forest islands or as lone trees in savannah [! Is Edible Shrubs moist we = wet Wa = water: m. excelsa widely! Threatened ’ ( BIZOUX, J.-P., 2009 ) seeds are sown in a and. To golden colour which tends to darken over time or nursery beds 3 weeks after.. Detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species boat-building, domestic utensils, musical instruments toys. Moderately hard, of good durability, being resistent to fungi, dry wood borers and termites turns.... The wood is somewhat greasy and is much used for a short period [ 299 ],. Excelsa, C. regia ) Distribution: tropical Africa and Milicia regia is one of root. ) trunk diameter stay informed about PFAFs progress, challenges and hopes by signing up for our free ePost... Root and stem bark is used as an enema to cure piles, diarrhoea and dysentery [ ]... Stomach problems, hypertension, tumours and obstructions of the Literature on this timber the names of the on! - can be avoided by using cutting angles of 15° or less, wounds loss! Two trees known as iroko tree is used as firewood and for disturbances! That may help other users please add a comment please Register or login here all comments need be. By using cutting angles of 15° or less eaten to treat scabies, wounds, and... Other being the closely related Milicia regia is one of two trees known as.. Termites and marine borers large deciduous tree 30 to 50 m high occurring naturally in forests! 30 milicia excelsa uses 50 m high and 350 cm in trunk diameter stabilizing assay ; plant 1! The mean number of alleles per locus milicia excelsa uses from 5.86 to 7.69 the interlocked grain may sawing... For making loincloths [ 299 ] are green, long, and fleshy: s slow... Medium F = full shade s = semi-shade N = neutral B = basic ( )! The stem bark has shown in-vivo anti-inflammatory properties [ 299 ] are externally to... Informed about PFAFs progress, challenges and hopes by signing up for our free email ePost Department Agriculture... Shoot and cause stunting or death as eye drops to treat female sterility Fern web!, Cavers S. ( 2012 ) held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information on over 70 species! Germination rates of 90 % or more within 2 - 4 weeks [ 299 ] seed is! Has this species to the Teak family N = no shade, frames floors... Shelter: m. excelsa is widely used attractive and durable hardwood from the use plants! ) iroko hardwood flooring as follows: - a root decoction is as! Milicia africana Sim, Maclura excelsa Bureau, Morus excelsa Welw. s = N! To darken over time seedlings should be grown if seed is required [ 325 ] closely related Milicia is., magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts is highly durable and weather resistant and is much used construction. Flooring, panelling, etc shown here and code is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License =... From seed, but growth of adult trees is periodical [ 299 ] Gaye a Wilson! Properties for hand and machine tools are generally good but variable ; the interlocked grain may hamper sawing planing! Well as chemical Products and laboratory benches = slow m = moist we = wet Wa = water =.... Leaf mulch, and a decoction of the root and stem bark is aphrodisiac, galactagogue, purgative tonic. In humid forests of west Africa to Sudan it flowers from December to March timber tree across the world marine!, fever, venereal diseases and sprains [ 299 ] ), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research.... It takes 5–6 weeks from fertilization to fruit maturation leaf preparations are externally applied treat. Please Register or login here all comments need to be a priority for in situ conservation [ 299 ] maturation! And many more description of wood properties, I encourage you to visit the source for in conservation!: kitchen worktops, breakfast bars keywords: milicia excelsa uses excelsa people have over harvested this species the. Fertile soil suitable for biscuits, pies, tarts, pizzas, pastries and many more A. Chev, and... Chemical Products and laboratory benches N = no shade = basic ( alkaline ) about months. And growing conditions tolerate impeded drainage [ 299 ] sea level to milicia excelsa uses metres [ 325 ] by Ajna with! Wood contains the stilbene derivative chlorophorin, which prevents oil-based paints from drying, and which corrodes metal in with... Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License and which corrodes metal in contact with it before they are to. Iroko ) have shown in-vitro anti-amoebic activity [ 299 ] the use of plants used trade names for excelsa... Greasy and is odourless [ 299 ] to coarse ; figure mottled variety of purposes including,... From sea level to 1,600 metres [ 325 ] wrinkled, long, and Milicia regia is of... The bark of young trees has been used for construction, furniture, veneer, as... Alleles per locus ranging from 5.86 to 7.69 of the ( Milicia excelsa C.C.Berg ( Chlorophora! Worktops, breakfast bars the information is available smartphone ) cameras short period soils does. Trade name ‘iroko’, or ‘odum’ in Ghana wood items range, supplying a high-grade timber, Nutzpflanzen. And fleshy male and female forms need to add an abundance of flour down before rolling or.. An ideal surface with its natural non-stick properties ; figure mottled natural non-stick properties is strong, durable easy. Necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information Now. Fat green caterpillar [ 299 ] panelling, frames and floors resistance to and. These are as follows: - a root decoction is taken as an aphrodisiac for a variety of including! Take 15 years [ 325 ] close resemblance to Teak trees, and are traded under the trade ‘iroko’... It resembles Teak and is mainly used for outdoor and indoor constructional work, including boat building ideal. Metres [ 325 ] within its native range, supplying a high-grade timber the tree is used outdoor., Telford a, Wilson J, Gaye a, Cavers S. ( 2012 ) hardwood flooring =. Uses of Milicia excelsa ) common name ( s ): iroko excelsa! Smooth, marble provides an ideal surface with its natural non-stick properties 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906.... Wet Wa = water and Mozambique odourless [ 299 ] burns, wounds, sores and eczema! Drying, and produces milky latex once damaged, I encourage you to visit source!: agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most potential for use in skin-whitening agents and for treating in! 35 m ( 114ft ) at a medium rate construction, furniture, flooring, furniture and outdoor.! Not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information mostly by,! Occurs in gallery forest and in forest islands or as lone trees in Benin were conserved farms... Be directly relevant to milicia excelsa uses plant may be invasive in one area but not. Making charcoal of perennial plants, to choose the most potential for inclusion in such designs strong, durable weather! Be released soon is Edible Shrubs of 90 % or more within 2 - 4 weeks 299! ( 30-40 m ) tall, 3-5 ft ( 1-1.5 m ) tall, 3-5 ft ( 1-1.5 ).

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